The relationship of group size, sex of benefactor and sex of recipient to sharing behavior in young children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Marsha Ann Upton (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
J. Allen Watson

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sex of benefactor (the subject), sex of recipient and the number of recipients present on sharing behavior in young children. Ninety-six children, 48 boys and 48 girls, were subjects in the experiment. The white, five-year-olds were randomly selected from five lower-middle and middle class day care centers. Subjects were given a bag of cookies and an opportunity to share them with children of the same age and sex while they listened to a tape-recorded story. The potential recipients of the cookies were actually confederates who constituted the "groups" consisting of either one or two children who were male or female. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant relationship between a group size of one or two children and the amount of sharing behavior. It was also hypothesized that there would be no significant relationship between sex of the subject or sex of the recipient and the number of cookies shared. Sharing was recorded by observers into four response categories, such as number of cookies shared with recipient and number of cookies eaten by subject (Staub & Sherk, 1970). Latency of the first sharing response was also measured. An analysis of variance was calculated to determine differences among the groups' sharing behavior.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1976

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