The development of Guttman scales measuring attitudes toward athletic scholarships and attitudes toward women in sport

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Patricia Sue Buede (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Pearl Berlin

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop two Guttman scales: one which measured attitudes toward athletic scholarships and a second which assessed attitudes toward women in sport. Subjects participating in the scale development numbered approximately 200; their ages ranged from 18 to 65. Those involved in the sequential administrations of the pilot tests were college students, high school students, and laypersons--shoppers at a nearby mall. Each pilot trial involved 20 to 30 subjects. Each subject responded to a given number of statements by circling her/his selected responses. In the early stages of development, there were five response categories, from most favorable to least favorable. As the study progressed subjects were required to be more decisive by narrowing choice of responses to two: agree or disagree. Analysis utilized the SPSS Guttman Scalogram program and called for the development of a new data deck for each pilot trial. The following criteria were invoked in evaluating the statements: (a) correlation with every other statement, (b) coefficient of reproducibility, (c) coefficient of scalability, and (d) pass/fail tally. General semantic meanings of the statements were also considered by the researcher.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1975

Email this document to