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Urban–rural, age and gender differences in health behaviours in the Chinese population: findings from a survey in Hubei, China

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Bei Wu, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Health behaviours are affected by socio-economic status, such as income and education, and socio-demographic characteristic factors1,2 as well as 3 cultural values. Researchers have pointed out that, in order to have a better understanding of health behaviours and to develop better prevention strategies, it is important to address the social and historical context within which health behaviour is 4 inextricably linked. One prominent issue in China is urban—rural differences. In addition, there are many socio- economic, health, and cultural differences across various age groups due to the political and economic changes that have occurred over the past several decades. The gap in health status is widening between urban and rural residents in China because most adults living in urban areas have health insurance, pension coverage, and state provisions based on employment status, whereas few rural residents have these benefits.5 Studies have identified tobacco abuse and alcohol-related health problems as a particular concern for rural China. However, comparative data on health behaviours between urban and rural residents in China is sparse, and even fewer studies have emphasized age differences. It is important to analyse health behaviours across a broad range of characteristics to determine when differences first become apparent and how they vary across age and socio-economic groups.

Additional Information

Publication
Public Health, 121(10), 761-764
Language: English
Date: 2007
Keywords
China, Health behaviors, Socio-economic status, Urban-rural differences