A study of wall color and its effects on the classroom social behavior of nursery school children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joyce Hasell Webb (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Mary Miller

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the stimulus characteristics of wall colors in a nursery school setting utilizing a structured group period. Behavioral indexes were calculated on orienting behavior, noise level, relevant behavior, and disruptive acts within the group in order to find out if these were influenced by changes in wall color. The possibility of an interrelationship between the behavior of the child and the color of the walls was determined with the use of a direct observation schedule and time card, sound-level meter, tape recorder, and teacher's comments. Basic information about the subjects was secured by means of a color blindness and color preference test. Behavior Profile, and a questionnaire to parents for general identification of the background colors in the child's home. Within the experimental setting the wall structure was constructed by taping polyurethane panels 2' x 8' x 2' into 6' high panels. These panels were taped and braced in four corners in a rectangular shape, leaving a 5' passageway in one side and a 3' x 7' window opening along the top of another side. The floor of this enclosure of 168 square feet was covered with two strips of white paper 6' x 14'. Natural and artificial lighting varied from 30 to 50 foot-candled according to the daylight conditions and specific wall color being tested. The subjects were seated in a semi-circle facing the teacher and the investigator, who recorded their behavior on the direct observation schedule and time cards. An observer with the sound level meter sat behind the children.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1971

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