Mechanical principles and retention of the elementary back stroke

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Pamela Sue Peridier (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
John Lawther

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference, if any, in skill retention of students learning the elementary back stroke under two differing conditions. Both groups were taught by the demonstration, explanation, practice with correction method. The experimental group, in addition, was taught the mechanical principles governing the stroke. Subjects were 35 men and women students enrolled in two beginning swimming classes at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Both classes were given elementary water skills before the study began. Then both were taught the elementary back stroke for this investigation, with the experimental group also instructed in the mechanical principles applicable to the stroke. The Rosentswieg Revision of the Power Test was given after the 3¼ weeks of instruction on the stroke and again 6 weeks later, after a period of no practice on the elementary back stroke. An analysis of covariance and Fisher's "t" test for small uncorrelated groups were the statistical methods used to determine if there were a difference in retention scores.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1970

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