The effects of situational anxiety, manifest anxiety and achievement on skin conductance and heart rate

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Barbara Stott Gold (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Robert G. Eason

Abstract: A primary purpose of the present investigation was to show that an experimental situation requiring relatively little effort on the part of the subjects would be sufficiently arousing to cause concomitant variations in physiological responses. An additional objective was to determine whether physiological indicants of activation level varied in relation to levels of manifest anxiety and achievement. Activation level was altered by changing the incentive but not the actual difficulty of the task. This was accomplished by having S discriminate between flashes of blue and green light after being told (a) her responses were not recorded; and (b) her responses were recorded. In the latter condition, Ss were interrupted while responding. Manifest anxiety level was varied by using Ss with high, medium and low MAS scores. Achievement level was determined by selecting from these subjects those whose obtained grade point averages deviated more than plus or minus one standard deviation from their predicted grade point averages. Thirty Ss were divided according to MAS scores and achievement level into six equal groups. Measures of heart rate, skin conductance and cortical activity were recorded simultaneously for each of 30 Ss under each of the conditions described above.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1969
Galvanic skin response $x Experiments
Heart beat $x Experiments

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