Effect of selected fabric softeners on the surface appearance and physical properties of cotton wash-wear fabrics

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Regina Neely (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Pauline Keeney

Abstract: With the advent of synthetic fibers there was a decrease in the consumption of cotton fabrics. Cotton manufacturers, perceiving a decline in the use of cotton, attempted to find new ways to produce fabrics with as desirable crease and wrinkle resistant properties as those found in fabrics produced with synthetic fibers. After extensive research, synthetic finishing resins were produced to fulfill partially the desired requirements. These resins caused fabrics to lose their pliability, softness and strength. As early as the 1930's the textile industry began using cationic fabric softeners to increase the pliability and strength of fabrics with resin finishes applied to them; however, the effectiveness of these softeners was lost after several washings. Fabric softeners are no longer limited to industrial use. The consumer may purchase fabric softeners on the retail market to maintain the desired softness in garments and household products. Fabric softeners have been on the retail market for about seven years, but only recently have large producers of softeners been promoting their products with nationwide advertising campaigns. The consumer purchasing a fabric softener will find a number of different brands from which to choose. With this variety, some confusion may exist as to which product is most suitable for the desired results.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1962

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