The influence of Marshal Pilsudski on Poland's political development (1926-1935)

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Martha Helms (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Poland was divided into three sections, which struggled against each other politically in the years between the First and Second World Wars— a thoroughly Western (Prussian), a semi-Western (Austrian), and a completely Eastern (Russian) area. The people in these three areas were subjected to various forces. In all, French cultural influence was strong but in particular in Congress Poland, which was under Russian domination. The principles of Democracy were learned from the French through French literature and through the Polish exiles in Paris. The methods of an efficient bureaucracy were learned from the Prussians. It was only in the Prussian-ruled provinces that any kind of national front had been achieved by the Poles before 1914. This front had been achieved through securing their economic position by establishing co-operation for buying and selling with the Prussians. In the other two sections, under Russia and Austria, "the differences of class, economic principles and interests, of Right and Left theories of government, were fully developed." Therefore, the new Poland was composed of many groups, and the leaders of which had never worked together and who seemed to be more concerned with personal ambitions than with public interest.2

Additional Information

Honors Project
Language: English
Date: 1960

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