Situational and contextual influences on goal orientations

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Lavon Williams (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Diane Gill

Abstract: This study used a social cognitive approach to achievement motivation to examine the situational and contextual factors associated with goal perspectives. Two primary questions were asked: ( 1) do involvement and state anxiety vary as a function of the reward structures associated with athletic games and practices? and (2) do goal orientations change over the course of a competitive season as a function of the perceived team motivational climate and coaching behavior? Middle school softball athletes (N=127) were assessed on early- and late-season goal orientations (TEOSQ), pre-game and pre-practice goal involvement (GISQ) and state anxiety (CSAI-2), and motivational climate (PMCSQ-2). The CBAS was used to assess coaching behaviors. A Team X Reward Structure (game-practice) MANOVA used to examine goal involvement and state anxiety. revealed a main effect for reward structure. Wilks' ? =.44. F(4.96)=30.78. p<.0.1. ES=.56. Athletes scored lower on task involvement and higher on state anxiety before games than practices. Two hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between goal orientations and motivational climate. Results revealed that mastery CP=.4 7) and performance CP =.21) climates contributed significantly to the explanation of late-season task scores, R=.57. F(3.101)=16.38, p<.05.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1996
Achievement motivation.
Sports $x Psychological aspects
Coach-athlete relationships

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