Second wave women : self-efficacy and self-worth dimensions of professional women in their early middle years

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Patricia Ann Vedder (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Sarah M. Shoffner

Abstract: This study investigated factors which contribute to the global self-esteem of professional women assumed to be competent. Special interest was directed toward exploration of the extent to which these successful women had high self-efficacy yet low self-worth. Participants were mainly white middle class college-educated professional women between the ages of 32-46. Each of the 184 participants completed a questionnaire regarding dimensions of self-esteem and gender identity. The questionnaire on self-esteem included measures of global self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-worth. Independent variables included gender identity status, traditional versus non-traditional fields of work, mother's encouragement of independence, and mother's employment. The effect of these factors was examined through a MANOVA, a series of ANOVAs, t-tests, and a regression analysis.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1993
Self-esteem in women
Middle-aged women $x Attitudes
Women college graduates $x Attitudes

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