The effect of planned exercise as a disinhibitor of dietary restraint : an investigation of perceived control and resultant affect

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Elizabeth Ann Hart (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Debra J. Crews

Abstract: Recently, Polivy (1992) expressed the need for experimental studies addressing risk factors responsible for unhealthy eating and exercise behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to experimentally manipulate the relationship between exercise and eating behavior to examine if cognitions related to future exercise behavior are associated with caloric indulgence. The psychological set of eaters defined as restrained is theorized to motivate eating when natural physiological hunger cues are controlled, thereby justifying dietary consumption (Herman & Mack, 1975). Therefore, it was of specific interest in this study to examine whether plans for future exercise would lead to increased caloric consumption or "disinhibition" of dietary restraint. In addition, perceptions of control and resultant affect (anxiety and depression) were examined, as these factors have been found to be associated with dysfunctional eating and exercise behavior (Carmack & Martens, 1979; Crossman, et al., 1987; Crowther, et al., 1984; Giles et al., 1985; Gregory, 1981; Hawkins & Clement, 1980; Herman & Polivy, 1975; Morris et al., 1990).

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1993
Food habits $x Psychological aspects
Exercise for women $x Psychological aspects
Control (Psychology)
Women college students $x Psychology

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