Stress and burnout : a pervasive sense of unbelonging, to one's self and to one's world, and its relevance to the lives of teachers and children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Elizabeth Frazier Wilhite (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jo Alice Leeds

Abstract: This dissertation is a descriptive study of stress and burnout. Its purpose is to offer a broad view of the nature and resolution of stress and burnout. A wide range of literature on stress and burnout is reviewed, and contemporary theories are critiqued. The dissertation puts forward the "Theory of Balance" and ends with an alternative and expanded frame of reference. This dissertation concludes that problematic stress and burnout result from insufficient meaning and purpose, in both the psyche and the spiritual levels of being. Without this, a pervasive sense of unbelonging, to one's self and to one's world, results. This conclusion is based on the theory, the thesis, that an intrinsic need for balance exists in both the psyche and the spirit of humankind, activated by meaning and purpose in each sphere. The antithesis of this condition is stress and burnout: to the psyche's biological-physiological functions; the psyche's psychological aspects (ego needs, including thoughts, feelings, and sensations); and/or in the spiritual domain, which is independent of, but interactive with, individuals. Synthesis occurs when each sphere has meaning and purpose restored to it, which satisfies the intrinsic need for balance. When this is achieved, the human experience is one of belonging--to one's self and hence one's world-which transcends stress and burnout.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1991
Teachers $x Job stress
Stress (Psychology)
Burn out (Psychology)

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