Dendroarchaeology and the dating of historic farm buildings on the Summers’ farm, Summerfield, NC

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jeffy Catherine Summers (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Paul Knapp

Abstract: This dendroarchaeological study determined the age of a historic building on the Summers’ Farm in Summerfield, North Carolina. Several historic buildings associated with 19th century tobacco farming remain in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. However, the structural integrity of these buildings is declining, thus the necessity to determine their age prior to installing architectural-era improvements appropriate to the historic period. Here, I dendrochronologically sampled two historic structures during 2018 including the Farm’s main house and a tobacco barn, the later which could not be dated. Conversely, northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) cross sections and cores (n = 15) were obtained from the main house, dendrochronologically processed, and standardized with late-wood ring widths. The red oak samples strongly crossdated with each other (interseries correlation = 0.604) and a regional (i.e., ~96 km distant) longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) reference chronology (interseries correlation = 0.548) used to anchor tree-ring dates suggesting an estimated building date of 1883–1888 that matched the site survey date. These results: 1) gives an estimated building date for each building; 2) match the architecture of the structures and their component features with the dendrochronological dating; and 3) provide information regarding if the folklore surrounding the buildings is accurately anchored in history. [This abstract has been edited to remove characters that will not display in this system. Please see the PDF for the full abstract.]

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Dendroarchaeology, Dendrochronology, North Carolina, Tree-ring dating
Dendrochronology $z North Carolina $z Summerfield
Plant remains (Archaeology) $z North Carolina $z Summerfield
Historic buildings $z North Carolina $z Summerfield
Summerfield (N.C.) $x Antiquities

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