An investigation of the relationship of musical aptitude and intelligence of students at the third grade level

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Marjorie Nan A. Webb (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Walter L. Wehner

Abstract: The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the relationship, if any, between musical aptitude test scores and intelligence test scores of children at the third grade level. A related question also was considered: Do factors other than intelligence appear to be significant for identification of musical aptitude? Subjects for the present study were third grade students in Burlington City Schools, Burlington, North Carolina. Scores on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CAT), an IQ test, and Primary Measures of Music Audiation (PMMA), a musical aptitude test, were compared. A stepwise regression analysis was applied to the data to determine the variance in musical aptitude scores that could be attributed to IQ scores. Data were analyzed using the SPSSX program. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient for the scores was +.37. This result indicated a positive, but weak, relationship between the two scores. The variance in the stepwise regression was r square of .14 which is an indicator that factors other than intelligence affect the scores on the musical aptitude test. Other factors that may influence scores include previous musical study, sex, socioeconomic status, school attended, age at which study began, and early musical experiences. Sex and school attended did not appear to influence the scores in the present research.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1984
Musical ability $x Testing
Children $x Intelligence testing

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