Modeling Social Networks and Community Resilience in Chronic Disasters: Case Studies from Volcanic Areas in Ecuador and Mexico

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Arthur D. Murphy, Professor and Department Head (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:

Abstract: A social network framework was used to examine how vulnerability and sustainability forces affect community resilience through exposure, evacuation and resettlement. Field work, undertaken in volcanically active areas in Ecuador and Mexico, involved structured questionnaires and ethnographic studies of residents and their social networks, and interviews with government officials and political leaders. Networks were categorized into: (i) closed networks–everybody interacts with everybody else; (ii) extended networks–relatively closed cores with ties to more loosely connected individuals; (iii) subgroup networks–at least two distinct groups that are usually connected; and (iv) sparse networks–low densities that have relatively few ties among individuals. Additionally, it was found that people with less dense networks in the least affected site were better adjusted to chronic disasters and evacuations, while those with more dense networks had better mental health in the most affected sites.

Additional Information

In P. Gasparini (Ed.), Resilience and Sustainability in Relation to Natural Disasters: A Challenge for Future Cities. (pp. 12-24)
Language: English
Date: 2014
Chronic disasters, Social networks, Community resilience, Ecuador, Mexico

Email this document to