Safety Assessment of Mushrooms in Dietary Supplements by Combining Analytical Data with in Silico Toxicology Evaluation

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Tamam M. El-Elimat (Creator)
Nicholas Oberlies, Patricia A. Sullivan Distinguished Professor of Chemistry (Creator)
Huzefa A. Raja, Research Scientist (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:

Abstract: Despite growing popularity in dietary supplements, many medicinal mushrooms have not been evaluated for their safe human consumption using modern techniques. The multifaceted approach described here relies on five key principles to evaluate the safety of non-culinary fungi for human use: (1) identification by sequencing the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region (commonly referred to as ITS barcoding), (2) screening an extract of each fungal raw material against a database of known fungal metabolites, (3) comparison of these extracts to those prepared from grocery store-bought culinary mushrooms using UHPLCPDA-ELS-HRMS, (4) review of the toxicological and chemical literature for each fungus, and (5) evaluation of data establishing presence in-market. This weight-of-evidence approach was used to evaluate seven fungal raw materials and determine safe human use for each. Such an approach may provide an effective alternative to conventional toxicological animal studies (or more efficiently identifies when studies are necessary) for the safety assessment of fungal dietary ingredients.

Additional Information

Food and Chemical Toxicology, 103, 133-147
Language: English
Date: 2017
Human safety, Dietary ingredient, Supplements, Barcoding, Fungi, UHPLC-HRMS

Email this document to