The relationship between anxiety and efforts in movements of children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Verna Jean Wilson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
E. Doris McKinney

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine what relationship, if any, exists between high anxiety in children and their movement behavior as defined by the four effort combinations of weight and flow, the four effort combinations of time and flow, and the 16 individual efforts. A preliminary study was completed to identify subjects to be included in the investigation, and to determine the reliability of the judges selected to observe the movement of the subjects. From a pool of 44 children, 10 were selected according to scores obtained on the General Anxiety Scale for Children, the Index of Graphic Constrictiveness- Expansiveness, and on a sociometric test. The 10 children were divided into two groups of 5. One group was identified as children with denied anxiety with social ties (DAST); the other group was designated as children with denied anxiety with social isolation (DASI). Within the main study the subjects were video-taped on two separate occasions during spontaneous play situations. The three judges, then, evaluated and rated the video-taped movements of the children for frequency and intensity of the effort combinations. The Kendall rank correlation coefficient was applied to determine the relationships existing between anxiety and movement, anxiety and the weight and flow effort combinations, anxiety and the time and flow effort combinations, and anxiety and the individual efforts.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1978
Anxiety in children
Movement, Psychology of

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