The relationship between parents' perception of family environment and prosocial behavior in preschool-aged children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Wagner Temke (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Vira R. Kivett

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify family variables which might influence the development of children's prosocial behavior. It was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between both mothers' and fathers' scores on the relationship, personal growth, and system maintenance dimensions of the Family Environment Scale (Moos, Insel & Humphrey, 1974) and children's demonstrated prosocial behavior. The subjects were 34 boys and girls, aged 37 to 68 months and the parents of these children. A one hour video-tape of each child was made as he/she played with others in a nursery school setting. The tapes were coded for aspects of positive social behavior. Parents were administered the Family Environment Scale. Multivariant procedures were used to clarify the importance to children's prosocial behavior of the three family environment dimensions. A multiple regression analysis using controlled entry was conducted for each of the hypotheses of the study. Age of the child was entered first into each analysis followed by sex of child as control factors. These variables were followed by either mothers' or fathers' scores on the three dimensions of the Family Environment Scale. No significant relationships were found between the family environment predictor variables and children's positive social behavior.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1979
Families $z New Hampshire $x Psychological aspects
Parents $z New Hampshire $x Attitudes
Socialization $z New Hampshire

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