Interpersonal Aspects Of Justice In Relationships Between Consumers And Service Providers: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Richard W. Pouder PhD, Professor (Creator)
David Williams, Professor of Healthcare Management (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: There is a controversy in the justice literature as to whether interpersonal aspects of justice are best represented as one construct (interactional justice) or two (interpersonal justice and informational justice). Using confirmatory factor analysis, we tested competing models of these constructs on a sample of healthcare consumers (n = 1919) with respect to their justice judgments of primary care physicians. We found that the single factor model (interactional justice) represented a better fit to the data. Our results do not necessarily contradict those of prior studies that have found a better fit for a bi-dimensional model in organizational settings, however. Instead, we are suggesting a contingency approach: the results may be due in part to the halo effect, which may manifest itself where consumers are unfamiliar with the service provider and with the complexities of that person’s role.

Additional Information

Daly, J.P., Williams, D.R., O’Connor, S.J. et al. Soc Just Res (2009) 22: 335. Publisher version of record available at:
Language: English
Date: 2009
Interactional justice, Interpersonal justice, Informational justice, Social perception

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