Early attachment : maternal voice preference in one- and three-day-old infants

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
William Paul Fifer (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Anthony J. DeCasper

Abstract: The current literature on infant development points to a new appreciation of the perceptual and learning capabilities of the newborn. Sensorially precocial and sensitive to a variety of reinforcement contingencies, neonates are prepared to engage in the kinds of reciprocal social interactions necessary for the development of the mother-infant bond. This study investigates neonatal discrimination of and preference for mother's voice, a phenomenon which may function as a cornerstone of the attachment process. According to modern usage, attachment processes refer to the establishment and maintenance of proximity between an infant and a conspecific, usually the natural mother (Ainsworth, 1979). Historically, students of attachment have emphasized the role of maternal behaviors in this process. More recently, however, the reciprocal nature of the mother-infant relationship has been underscored (Ainsworth, 1972; Bell, 1974; Bowlby, 1969; Brazleton, 1978; Gewirtz, 1972; Shaffer & Emerson, 1964; Sherrod, Vietz, & Friedman, 1978; Wolff, 1969). This experiment focuses on the newborn infant’s role in the attachment process.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1981
Auditory perception in infants
Mother and infant
Attachment behavior in infants

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