Sex-role preferences and marital quality in the military

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gary L. Bowen (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Dennis K. Orthner

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the sex-role preference patterns of military husbands and wives and to assess how these preferences are related to the quality of the couple's relationship. To accomplish this aim, a fourfold typology of sex-role preference patterns was constructed, and a scale was developed to assess the quality of the marital relationship. The marital quality scale developed was designed to be used as an overall index of marital quality, as well as to be divided into five subscales--affectional expression, marital leisure agreement, general marital consensus, marital satisfaction, and communication apprehension--to permit a more detailed analysis of the marital relationship. An eclectic version of social exchange theory was used as the overarching theoretical orientation in the study, and testable hypotheses were derived from the framework for empirical analysis. The data for the study were collected from personal interviews with a probability sample of 331 couples (662 persons) on nine United States and seven European bases. The sample was stratified to proportionately represent the families in different geographical locations and command responsibilities. Nearly 70 percent of the couples contacted agreed to participate.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1981
Sex role
Soldiers $x Family relationships
Married people

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