ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kimberly Denise Miskow (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/

Abstract: Abstract Purpose: A program evaluation was conducted to assess the barriers and facilitators for breastfeeding among low-income, minority women. Methods: The records of 54 postpartum women served by a local health department were audited for barriers and facilitators related to breastfeeding practice. Interviews of 5 key informants were conducted and local and state breastfeeding policies were reviewed. Results: Among the 54 postpartum charts, 79.6% were Latino, and 20.4% were non-Latino. The women had an average age of 28 years and a range of 14-41 years. Only 54.8% of Latinos and 18.2% of non-Latinos (p=.031) had initiated breastfeeding at the initial postpartum visit (Healthy People 2020 goal for breastfeeding initiation is 81.9%). Most Latinos were single (79.1%), unemployed (76.7%), multigravida (88.4%), receiving WIC (90.7%), and delivered at the local community hospital (81.1%). Latinos were less likely to have a high school or post-high school education (19.5%) as compared to non-Latinos (80.0%, p=.001). Key informants revealed that major barriers included lack of maternal breastfeeding support, especially from grandmothers. Breastfeeding policies at the state and local levels lacked specific recommendations for breastfeeding duration. Conclusions: Recommendations include incorporating American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for breastfeeding and intentionally tracking breastfeeding status data at 6 months and increasing breastfeeding education and community outreach to increase widespread acceptance. Keywords: breastfeeding, WIC, underserved mothers

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2016
underserved mothers, breastfeeding, WIC,

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This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
UNDERSTANDING INFANT FEEDING PRACTICES IN UNDERSERVED MOTHERShttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/5583The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.