Synthesis and property investigation of metal-based nanomaterials for biotechnological applications

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Nalin Dammika Darsanasiri (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
Channa De Silva

Abstract: Luminescent lanthanide-based materials have drawn recent interest due to their applications in in vitro cellular imaging. Sensitive biological analysis requires optical labels with high water dispersibility & stability and excellent luminescent properties. Most literature reported lanthanide complexes with high luminescence intensity are hydrophobic and unstable, limiting their biological applications. This project was designed to incorporate a highly luminescent lanthanide ß-diketonate complex in a silica nanoparticle. Eu(btfa)3dmph complex was synthesized, which exhibits red luminescence at 614 nm with a narrow (15 nm) full with half-maximum (btfa=4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1,3-butanedione, dmph=4,7-dimethyl,1,10-phenanthroline). A synthetic procedure was optimized to incorporate the Eu-complex in a silica-based nanoparticle with an average particle diameter of 36 nm. Eu-complex based silica nanoparticles exhibit high stability and water-dispersibility with a luminescence quantum yield of 10 %. The nanoparticles showed antimicrobial activity against clinically important E.coli, S.aureus and S.epidermidis. Synthesis, materials characterization, and antimicrobial studies of the complex and the nanoparticles was discussed in the first part of this thesis. Nanotechnology is emerging as a new interdisciplinary field combining biology, chemistry, physics, and material science. Recent advances promise developments in the synthesis, modification and practical applications of polymer-coated manganese (Mn)-based zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs). The size distribution, shape, and surface modification of metal-based ZnO nanoparticles are the key factors determining their specific physical properties. Due to the strong antibacterial properties and low toxicity towards mammalian cells, ZnO NPs have been successfully used in a wide range of applications including wound dressing, protective clothing, antibacterial surfaces, food preservation, and cosmetics as biocidal and disinfecting agents. In this study, cotton textiles with antimicrobial activity were developed by incorporating polymer-coated Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles. Antimicrobial potential of synthesized Mn-doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles against two bacteria strains (Escherichia coli as Gram-negative bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria) in liquid and solid phases was studied in this work. Polymer-coated Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by the modified co-precipitation method. Characterization of the nanoparticles was carried out using Ultra-violet visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The average particle size of the nanoparticles was found to be less than 15 nm. The antibacterial activity of the nanoparticles was evaluated using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and agar diffusion method. Disk diffusion studies revealed that the nanoparticles have excellent antimicrobial activity against E.coli and S.aureus bacterial species. Therefore, it was concluded that the polymer-coated Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles were excellent antibacterial agents with potential clinical applications.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2014
Antimicrobial cotton textile, Europium Nanoparticles, Luminescent property, Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Synthesis
Nanostructured materials -- Synthesis
Nanostructured materials -- Biotechnology
Metal complexes -- Synthesis
Metal complexes -- Biotechnology

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