p53 and NGAL: dual regulatory roles in advanced prostate cancer

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
William Harvey Chappell (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/
James A. McCubrey

Abstract: The development of prostate cancer from small regions of hyperplasia to invasive tumors requires genetic and epigenetic alterations of critical cellular components to aid in the development of cells more adapted for aberrant growth. Cell cycle control by the transcription factor p53 is necessary for the homeostatic proliferation and death of cells in response to DNA damage. Examination of prostate cancer cell lines harboring either wild-type (22Rv-1 LNCaP) or non-functional mutated p53 protein (DU145 PC3) responses to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs demonstrated that p53 protein status dictated the apoptotic effectiveness a given drug would have on prostate cancer treatment. Moreover restoration of functional p53 in p53-negative DU145 cells activated the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway through increased expression of a receptor tyrosine kinase DDR1. Expression of NGAL a small secreted extracellular protein belonging to the lipocalin super family in early androgen receptor (AR) positive prostate cancer cell lines (22Rv-1 LNCaP) was demonstrated to increase these cells' invasiveness by their enhanced abilities to form colonies in soft agar. Conversely reduced expression of NGAL in advanced AR negative prostate cancer cell lines (DU145 PC3) by use of a NGAL specific shRNA vector decreased their soft agar colony formation ability. In contrast to previously published studies NGAL expression does not appear to augment drug sensitivity in these cell lines suggesting that NGAL's function in cancer is cell type specific. We also report here that the regulation of NGAL was mediated in part by NF-κB as a direct transcriptional target as previously reported and by p53 through some as of yet unknown mechanism. Detection of NGAL and NGAL:MMP-9 complexes in the urine of prostate patients as well as others (glioblastoma head & neck) indicated that NGAL could be potentially used as a biomarker for disease presence and progression. Taken together our data suggests that p53 and NGAL function in the development and progression of prostate cancer. 

Additional Information

Date: 2011
Oncology, Immunology, Biology, Chemotherapy, MMP-9, NGAL, p53, Prostate--Cancer, soft agar

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p53 and NGAL: dual regulatory roles in advanced prostate cancerhttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/3727The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.