ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Rebecca Drew Smith (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site:
Lucas J. Carr

Abstract: Background: More than half of the US adult population is sedentary and this type of behavior is known to increase an individual's risk for overweight/obesity hypertension cardiovascular disease stroke type 2 diabetes mellitus anxiety and depression. Few interventions have been conducted with the purpose of reducing sedentary time to improve cardiometabolic risk factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the worksite intervention program Pedal@Work in reducing daily sedentary time and improving risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases. Methods: Forty sedentary overweight/obese adults (21-65 years) working a minimum of 35 hours per week were recruited to participate in a 12 week intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (N=23; 42.6 years; 86.9% females) or wait-list control (N=17; 47.6 years; 94.1% females) group. Sedentary time was measured objectively over seven days with a StepWatch activity monitor. Cardiometabolic risk factor measures included resting heart rate blood pressure height weight body mass index waist circumference percent body fat estimated cardiorespiratory fitness and fasting blood lipids. All measures were collected at baseline and 12 weeks. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test group and time differences in cardiometabolic risk factors. Results: The intervention group significantly reduced daily minutes of sedentary time (P<0.01) and percent daily time spent sedentary (P=0.03) compared to the control group from baseline to 12 weeks. The intervention group also significantly increased percent daily time spent in moderate intensity activity (P=0.04) compared to the control group. There was a significant group x time interaction for waist circumference (P=0.03). No changes were observed for any other cardiometabolic risk factors. Conclusion: The results from this study suggest the intervention group significantly reduced their sedentary time and improved their waist circumference compared to baseline and compared to their control counterparts. These findings are important considering the increasing number of sedentary occupations and the rising prevalence of obesity in the U.S.

Additional Information

Date: 2012
Kinesiology, Health sciences, Improve Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Reduce Sedentary Time, Worksite Intervention
Sedentary people--United States
Obesity--United States
Weight loss--United States

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INTERVENTION TO REDUCE SEDENTARY TIME AND IMPROVE CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS AMONG SEDENTARY EMPLOYEES described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.