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Differences in weight status, dietary quality, and dietary behavior across income and ethnic groups : analysis of 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Catharine M Martin (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Advisor
Lauren Haldeman

Abstract: "Research indicates that low income, minorities are at increased risk for poor dietary behaviors leading to weight gain and poor overall health status. A secondary data analysis of the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was conducted to identify associations between food security status, income level, and ethnicity identification and weight status, dietary quality, and dietary behaviors. The sample included US-born Non-Hispanic White (NHW), Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Mexican Americans (MA) aged 20-85 years. Bivariate analyses indicated that while low income individuals and NHB were significantly more likely to be obese than NHW and MA, the overall diet quality among the three groups was not significantly different. However, statistically significant differences for specific dietary behaviors were found. NHW reported higher consumption of milk, NHB reported higher consumption of dark green vegetables, and MA reported higher consumption of dried beans and peas. These results suggest that both income and ethnicity should be considered when addressing nutrition interventions."--Abstract from author supplied metadata.

Additional Information

Publication
Thesis
Language: English
Date: 2007
Keywords
low income, minorities, risk, dietary behaviors, weight gain, data analysis, 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, food security, ethnicity, weight status, dietary quality, dietary behaviors
Subjects
Nutrition--United States--Cross-cultural studies
Nutrition surveys--United States
Food habits