The Effect of Background Music on Student Comprehension

ECSU Author/Contributor (non-ECSU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Acacia Lincoln, student (Creator)
Kulwinder Kaur-Walker, Professor (Contributor)
Elizabeth City State University (ECSU )
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of classical and jazz music in the background on student performance while taking reading comprehension test. Classical music is soothing in nature whereas jazz is upbeat, thus, affecting the level of concentration on a cognitive task. Forty-five participants were recruited from psychology classrooms with instructor permission. Using independent groups design, they were divided into three groups, with 20 in each condition, classical, jazz, and no music in the background. They were given a reading comprehension test while the music running in the background as part of the condition. They were also given a brief questionnaire at the end about their perception of the effect of the classical and jazz music on their performance with some demographic question. The data were analyzed with simple ANOVA using SPSS version 27. The results suggested that those who experienced classical music in the background scored higher than those who had either no music or jazz.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2021
comprehension test, music, effect of music, classical music, jazz music, student performance

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