Analysis of factors causing runway excursion incidents and accidents

ECSU Author/Contributor (non-ECSU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Robert Andrews, student (Creator)
Alston Belch, student (Creator)
Andrew Davis, student (Creator)
Phillip Dobbins, student (Creator)
Robert Douglass, student (Creator)
Thomas Hauser, student (Creator)
Kevin Lopez, student (Creator)
Chandra Bhushan Asthana, Associate Professor (Contributor)
Elizabeth City State University (ECSU )
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Abstract: A runway excursion occurs when a departing aircraft fails to become airborne or successfully rejects the take off before reaching the end of the designated runway or when upon landing, it is unable to stop before the end of the designated runway is reached. It is a veer off or overrun from the runway surface. In most cases, authorities issue recommendations to the pilots to be followed during landing and takeoff to avoid it from happening in future. However, the recommendations are in terms of following appropriate procedures that may not be adequate due to technical issues.Students of AVI 350 (Advanced Aerodynamics) course in Spring 2021 semester have collected data for runway excursion occurrence in USA since 2015 and analyzed it. Their analysis brings out the correlation among various factors causing it such as type of aircraft, runway condition, crosswind, aquaplaning, weather conditions, pilot stress level, communication between Air Traffic Control and pilot etc. The value of this research lies in identifying the technical remedial measure that can be employed to assist the pilot in such situations. The results of this study are helpful in increasing pilots' situational awareness and enhancing automation during landings.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2021

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