|Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Muscle Activity, Strength, and Power
||The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects
of a single bout of whole-body vibration on isometric squat (IS)
and countermovement jump (CMJ) performance. Nine moderately
resistance-trained men were tested for peak force (PF) during
|Comparison of Methods to Quantify Volume During Resistance Exercise
||The purpose of this investigation was to compare
4 different methods of calculating volume when comparing
resistance exercise protocols of varying intensities. Ten
Appalachian State University students experienced in resistance
|A Comparison of Strength and Power Characteristics Between Power Lifters, Olympic Lifters, and Sprinters
||The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect
of involvement in power lifting, Olympic lifting, and sprinting
on strength and power characteristics in the squat movement.
A standard one repetition maximum squat test, jump
|Compression Garments: Influence on Muscle Fatigue
||This study assessed whether opposing compression forces produced
by commercially available "compression shorts" affect
the repetitive force production capabilities of the thigh muscles
during repetitive open- and closed-kinetic-chain exercise test...
|Detraining Produces Minimal Changes in Physical Performance and Hormonal Variables in Recreationally Strength-Trained Men
||The object of this study was to examine changes in muscular
strength, power, and resting hormonal concentrations during
6 weeks of detraining (DTR) in recreationally strengthtrained
men. Each subject was randomly assigned to either
a DTR (n 5 9) ...
|Does Short-Term Near-Maximal Intensity Machine Resistance Training Induce Overtraining?
||To examine the efficacy of a 3-week, high-intensity, resistance
exercise protocol for inducing overtraining, 9 subjects trained
their lower body on a squat-simulating resistance exercise
machine. Five subjects performed a training (Trn) protocol
|Effect of an Acute Bout of Whole Body Vibration Exercise on Muscle Force Output and Motor Neuron Excitability
||The purpose of
the current investigation was to assess the effect of an acute
bout of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on muscle force
output and motor neuron excitability. Nineteen recreationally
trained college-aged males were randomly assig...
|The Effect of Heavy- vs. Light-Load Jump Squats on the Development of Strength, Power, and Speed
||The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect
of an 8-week training program with heavy- vs. light-load
jump squats on various physical performance measures and
electromyography (EMG). Twenty-six athletic men with
varying levels of r...
|Effect of Pilates and Taiji Quan Training on Self-Efficacy, Sleep Quality, Mood, and Physical Performance of College Students
||Methods of exercise such as Pilates and taiji quan, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on physical and mental characteristics, have been studied more often in samples of older participants. The purpose of this investigation was to exam...
|Effects of Increased Eccentric Loading on Bench Press 1 RM
||The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of additional
eccentric loading on subsequent concentric strength.
Eight subjects with some experience in weight training volunteered
to perform maximal attempts in the barbell bench
|Effects of a Short-Term Aquatic Resistance Program on Strength and Body Composition in Fit Young Men
||This study was designed to analyze the effects of
a short-term periodized aquatic resistance program (PARP) on
upper-limb maximum strength, leg muscular power, and body
composition (BC) in fit young men. Twenty subjects (21.2 +-
1.17 years) were ...
|Effects of a Short-Term Resistance Program Using Elastic Bands vs. Weight Machines for Sedentary Middle-Aged Women
||This study was designed to determine
whether different effects on functional capacity and body
composition were produced by using different devices (elastic
bands (EBs) versus weight machines (WMs)) with the same
resistance training program. Fort...
|Exercise and Recovery Responses of Lymphokines to Heavy Resistance Exercise
||To examine the effect of dynamic resistance exercise on the
response patterns of lymphokines, 10 strength-trained men
(21.7 +- 0.6 y) performed 2 resistance exercise protocols, high
force (HF) and high power (HP), of equal total work (HF 5
|Impact of Training Patterns on Incidence of Illness and Injury During a Women's Collegiate Basketball Season
||This study was conducted to monitor the training patterns
throughout a basketball season in order to determine if a
relationship exists between the physical stress of practice and
the occurrence of injuries and illnesses in NCAA Division III
|Influence of Compression Garments on Vertical Jump Performance in NCAA Division I Volleyball Players
||The purpose of this study was to determine whether compression
shorts affected vertical jump performance. Subjects,
18 men and 18 women varsity volleyball players, were thoroughly
familiarized with the jump tests and experimental techniques.
|Influence of Resistance Exercise Volume on Serum Growth Hormone and Cortisol Concentrations in Women
||Ten eumenorrheic women (age 24.1 ± 4.3) performed 2 randomly
assigned heavy-resistance exercise protocols (HREP)
on separate days during the early follicular phase of the menstrual
cycle. Multiple-set (MS) HREP consisted of 3 sets of 10
RM of 8 r...
|The Influence of Strength and Power on the 40s Muscle Endurance Test Performance
||The aim of this study was to determine the importance
of muscular strength and power on a muscular endurance
performance test. Fourteen firefighter recruits performed a progressive
resistance test (PRT) followed by a specific maximum
|A Method for Monitoring Intensity During Aquatic Resistance Exercises
||The aims of this study were (i)
to check whether monitoring of both the rhythm of execution
and the perceived effort is a valid tool for reproducing the same
intensity of effort in different sets of the same aquatic resistance
exercise (ARE) and ...
|Power Output in the Jump Squat in Adolescent Male Athletes
that maximizes power output in the jump squat (JS) in collegeaged
athletic males has been reported to be 0% of 1 repetition
maximum [1RM] squat strength) or in other words body mass.
No data exist concerning adolescent athletic males. In...
|Quercetin’s Influence on Exercise Performance and Muscle Mitochondrial Biogenesis
||Purpose: To determine the influence of 2 wk of quercetin (Q; 1000 mg•d-1) compared with placebo (P) supplementation on exercise performance and skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis in untrained, young adult males (N = 26, age = 20.2 ± 0.4 yr, V•...
|Relationship Between Maximal Squat Strength and Five, Ten, and Forty Yard Sprint Times
||The purpose of this investigation was to
examine the relationship between maximal squat strength and
sprinting times. Seventeen Division I-AA male football athletes
(height = 1.78 +- 0.04 m, body mass [BM] = 85.9 +- 8.8 kg,
body mass index [BMI] ...
|Relationship of Aerobic Power to Anaerobic Performance Indices
||This study examined the extent to which aerobic power could
account for performance during a 30-s max-effort test. Physically
active women (n = 41) and men (n = 34) underwent a
treadmill test for aerobic power and the Wingate test for
|Testing of the Maximal Dynamic Output Hypothesis in Trained and Untrained Subjects
||The maximal dynamic output
(MDO) hypothesis is a newly proposed concept, which
suggests that the muscular system of the lower limbs is
designed to produce maximal power output when performing
countermovement vertical jumping (CMJ) at body mass as...