James M. Eddy

Education: B.S. Biology and Health Education, SUNY at Brockport* M.S. Health Education, SUNY at Brockport* D.Ed, Penn State University* Research Interests: Distance Learning* Worksite Health Promotion* Health Behavior Theory* Program Planning*

There are 70 included publications by James M. Eddy :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
An analysis of college students’ attitudes and beliefs concerning body disposal 1984 468 The purpose of this study was to ascertain the body disposal preferences of college students at The Pennsylvania State University, and to identify factors related to their choice in order to draw implications to strengthen death education programming...
An Analysis of Doctoral Programs in Health Education 2004 326 This study describes the data used to rank doctoral programs of health education based on the productivity of the faculty and the scholarly activity of doctoral students. No other data set of this type currently exists. Summative information is provi...
Application of an ecological perspective in worksite health promotion: A review 2002 1928 The ecological perspective is a proven approach for worksite health promotion program design. This paper presents a protocol to look at health behaviors from an ecological perspective that assumes multiple levels of influence on health behavior and m...
Application of odds ratios and logistic models in epidemiology and medical research 1995 3455 Many researchers in the health field use the chi-square statistic to identify associations between variables. This edition of research notes will demonstrate that the odds ratio may be a preferred analysis to yield more useful and meaningful results....
Attitudes and beliefs of adolescent experimental smokers: A smoking prevention perspective 1996 1084 The study examined the relationships of smoking-related beliefs and attitudes and smoking status with a focus on experimental smoking. The sample included 9,774 adolescents who participated in the 1988-89 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey (TAPS)...
(Book Review) Elementary school health instruction 1986 366 Book review for Elementary School Health Instruction by M. Pollack and K. Middleton.
(Book Review) Taking charge: How families can climb out of chaos of addiction, by S. Schlesinger and L. Horberg 1989 188 Book review for Taking charge: How families can climb out of chaos of addiction, by S. Schlesinger and L. Horberg.
Categorization of U.S. demographics and their estimates 1995 261 Demographic information is often an important component of a health survey because a disease or a health behavior may likely be associated with some demographic variables. For example, one study found that the smoking prevalence rate dramatically inc...
Causal modeling in health survey studies 1992 233 Many researchers are interested in providing causal interpretations of the statistical relationships they find in their one-shot health survey data. However, survey studies do not exert controls over independent variables while observing the dependen...
Conceptual areas of death education 1980 598 The need for the inclusion of death education concepts into the curriculum at all levels has been expressed by numerous health educators. In order to effectively meet this need, it is imperative that teachers be adequately prepared to deal with the d...
Consumer aspects of death and dying: The forgotten dimension 1980 334 A recent survey of health education teachers in New York State by Capiello and Troyer' revealed that only six of the 209 educators surveyed include consumer aspects in their courses on death and dying. Even though most of the teachers surveyed did n...
Consumerism and the aging 1980 608 The need for consumer health education for the aged has been expressed by a variety of authors. This paper focuses on the rationale, development, implementation, and evaluation of a consumer health education program for the aged.
Contract grading - traditional grading: A comparison 1977 601 The study compared the relationship of the contract plan of student evaluation and a traditional type of evaluation, for changes in knowledge and attitudes during a college course in ecological relationships. The Syracuse Environmental Awareness Test...
Dairy product intake and hip fractures among older women 1999 579 The purpose of this study was to examine the association between dairy-product intake and hip fracture among a national sample of women aged 50 years and older. Univariate analyses using SAS procedures showed dairy-product intake was significantly as...
Death Education: Enhancing competence Across the Life Span 1983 302 Life is full of major and minor events analogous to dying and death that few people ,realize exist. Throughout life there are a variety of loss situations (e.g., death of a pet, divorce, loss of a job, retirement, death of a friend or relative, etc.)...
Development of an instrument to assess student opinions of the quality of distance education courses 2007 510 The purpose of this study was to develop a culturally sensitive instrument to assess the quality of distance education courses offered at a university in the southern United States through evaluation of student attitudes, opinions, and perceptions of...
The effect of death education course on dying and death knowledge, attitudes, anxiety and fears 1985 1030 It is believed that socio-historical changes in the way Americans view dying and death have increased the need for formal and informal instruction in this area (Kubler-Ross 1969, Farmer 1970, Pine 1977, Simpson 1979). These and other authors postulat...
Entrepreneurship in Health Education and Health Promotion: Five Cardinal Rules 2009 828 The nature of health education and health promotion (HE/HP) offers a fertile ground for entrepreneurial activity. As primary prevention of chronic diseases becomes a more central component of the health and/ or medical care continuum, entrepreneurial...
Evaluation of a medical self-care program in a hospital setting. 1993 359 Medical self-care programs have captured the attention of health promotion professionals, especially within worksite settings. The basic premise of medical self-care is that if employees or clients can be taught to make responsible and informed decis...
Evaluation of worksite health enhancement programs 1988 774 Although many corporations are planning and implementing health-promotion programs for their employees, few have attempted rigorous and thorough evaluative studies of program impact. This creates a void which properly trained health educators can fil...
Family and peer influences on smoking behavior among American adolescents: An age trend 1995 3863 Purpose: To study the age trend of family and peer influence on adolescent smoking behavior using a national sample. Methods: Adolescents (N = 6,900), ages 14 through 18 years, from the 1988-89 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey, were selected f...
Giving New Meaning to the Term “Taking One for the Team:” Influences on the use/non-use of dietary supplements among adolescent athletes 2000 1674 The purpose of this article will be to discuss the results of the theory-based Survey to Predict Adolescent Athletes Dietary Supplement Use (r=.9479) to assess intentions, attitudes, and beliefs of 1737 adolescent athletes regarding dietary supplemen...
Health education and marketing processes: 2 related methods for achieving health behavior change 2008 716 Objective: To make salient the striking similarities between the program planning processes used in both health education and contemporary marketing. Method: Through a discussion of the analogous nature of both processes and a review of the literatur...
Health promotion for the aging 1984 291 Millions of Americans die prematurely each year from diseases which are preventable. Additional millions needlessly suffer the debilitating consequences of chronic disease. The responsibility for the existence of these conditions cannot be placed sol...
Helping responses as a function of training in first aid 1984 261 As a helping profession, health education is concerned with the motivation, circumstances, and variables that encourage people to help themselves and others. In line with these duties and responsibilities of helping professionals, health educators ar...
“I am me” AAHE membership survey: Report one 1978 308 During the 1977 AAHPER convention in Seattle, Washington, each member of the AAHE Board of Directors was charged with the responsibility to initiate and complete a service project for the benefit of AAHE and its members. The overall mission was named...
“I am me” AAHE membership survey: Report two 1979 330 During the 1977 AAHPER Convention in Seattle, Washington, each member of the AAHE Board of Directors was charged with the responsibility to initiate and complete a service project for the benefit of AAHE and its members. The overall mission was named...
Impact of a physical fitness program in a blue-collar workforce 1990 1712 The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of participation in the Wellness — Paths to Health Physical Fitness Program on selected physiological and personal health variables including blood pressure, pulse, body weight, trunk flexibility, c...
Influence of living arrangements on dietary adequacy for U.S. elderly: 1987-88 nationwide food consumption survey 1993 383 Research has suggested that elderly people who live with someone have better dietary adequacy, thus illustrating the important role of social interaction. This study evaluated the differences in dietary adequacy between independent and non-independen...
The influences of significant others on attitudes, subjective norms and intentions regarding dietary supplement use among adolescent athletes 2001 2020 Dietary supplement use has increased significantly over the past decade. The use of supplements among adolescents seems to be influenced by their beliefs and attitudes. The influence of coaches, parents, and athletic trainers also may he important Th...
Interactions of university students with the elderly 1988 620 This study investigated the nature of the relationship between attitudinal, behavioral, and demographic variables and the self-reported interactions of university students with elderly individuals. The Multiple Correlation-Regression analysis sought ...
Knowledge and attitudes of residence hall students toward dying and death 1985 562 As human beings, we all must live with our mortality. However, in our society, it seems that avoidance and denial are the preferred methods for dealing with death.1,13 College and university students, as a subgroup, naturally reflect this attitude. W...
Lessons Lived: Development and Discovery in Health Education Distance Education Programs 2008 173 This article highlights three noteworthy distance education program approaches to the delivery of health education courses. Insights into The University of Alabama Masters in Health Studies, now in its second decade delivering a complete degree progr...
Life span development: Intervention implications for concepts of aging 1982 1092 The life span theory of development is based on the notion that development occurs at all ages. A person's developmental history influences his or her behavior later in life. Following this assumption, the ability of an elderly person cope with healt...
Lifestyle behaviors and mental health of American adults 2007 505 The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that individuals reporting healthy lifestyle behaviors would also report better self-rated mental health. Logistic regression analyses were conducted utilizing SUDAAN on the Behavioral Risk Factor ...
Making Your Workplace Smoke Free: A Decision Maker's Guide 1996 351 As scientific evidence documenting the health hazards posed by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) continues to mount, workplace decision makers have more reason than ever to protect employees from exposure to ETS on the job. The U.S. Environmental Pro...
Medication compliance and the aged: An educational challenge 1984 973 The aged are major consumers of prescription medications. Physiological changes and multiple prescription regimens coupled with an increased incidence of chronic disease increases the likelihood of adverse drug reactions. This paper outlines some of ...
The Midfield high school safety belt incentive program 1992 467 An incentive program was implemented by Midfield High School of suburban Birmingham, AL, to encourage the use of safety belts among teenage drivers. This was undertaken to minimize mortality due to vehicular accidents. The school community, city coun...
A model to plan, implement and evaluate corporate health enhancement programs 1985 419 Much of the health education literature in recent years has extolled the virtue of developing comprehensive corporate health enhancement programs. Various authors1-5 have identified the benefits of such programs to in-clude improved productivity, red...
Modification of a nutritional questionnaire for older adults and the ability of its knowledge and attitude evaluations to predict dietary adequacy 1990 2466 This paper outlines the modification of the Nutritional Questionnaire for Older Adults (NQOA) to determine the extent to which knowledge and attitude can predict dietary adequacy. Aged adults (65 years or older) who participate in the Title Ill-C con...
Moral education: Review and implications for health educators 1986 1785 The development of morally appropriate attitudes and behaviors related to health is often considered as one of the many responsibilities of health educators. Unfortunately, the health educator is often asked to perform this important function without...
Negative health messages in schools 1986 1885 School health personnel recognize the importance of sending positive messages to students, faculty, staff, and the community about adopting and maintaining appropriate health lifestyle behaviors. Yet, schools often send conflicting messages. Some me...
New evidence on antioxidant nutrients: guidelines for health education 1997 507 Conflicting information abounds regarding the antioxidant benefits of vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotene. In the midst of contradicting information regarding these nutrients, antioxidants (in supplement form) are being aggressively promoted by su...
Nutrition and the Pre-professional Student 1979 204 The traditional nutrition education approach which requires students to identify nutrients, vitamins, and minerals is only a small segment of a comprehensive nutrition education program. A comprehensive program calls for a serious look at lifestyles,...
A nutrition curriculum for health education: Its effects on students’ knowledge, attitudes, and behavior 1984 2482 The objective of the study was to determine the effect of nutrition instruction, using the curriculum guides, Nutrition In A Changing World, A curriculum for Junior High Health, and A Curriculum for Senior High Health, on improving the nutrition know...
Planning ADE: Implications from the Literature on Student Perspectives 2005 400 As the use of instructional technology continues to escalate, it is not surprising that universities are attempting to reach new student markets by using technology. Many of the benefits and barriers to asynchronous distance education (ADE) have been...
Predicting smoking status by symptoms of depression for U.S. adolescents 1994 474 This study examined the predictive relationships between adolescents' smoking and symptoms of depression. A national sample of 6,900 adolescents, ages 14 to 18 years, were selected for analysis. Variables of interest included measures for smoking sta...
Predictors of Dietary Supplement Use Among Adolescent Athletes 2004 945 This study sought to predict the use of dietary supplements marketed to enhance athletic performance among 1,737 adolescent athletes. An anonymous, paper-and-pencil, self-report survey was administered to the participants. Grade level, participati...
A primer on quality indicators of distance education 2007 512 In the past decade, there has been an enormous growth of distance education courses and programs in higher education. The growth of distance education is particularly evident in the field of health education. However, the enormous potential of distan...
Prospective social-psychological factors of adolescent smoking progression 1999 1381 Purpose: To evaluate the ability of social-psychological risk factors to predict adolescent smoking behavior. Methods: Nonsmoking adolescents (n = 4032) who participated in the 1989 and 1993 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Surveys (TAPS I) were sele...
Relapse Prevention: implication for health promotion professionals 1989 854 Health promotion and education efforts often are designed to promote behavior changes among clients, students, or participants. The primary emphasis of health promotion has been the initial behavior change process, with little attention directed to f...
A risk-rated approach to a worksite health promotion needs assessment 1993 439 There is a growing concern within worksite health promotion related to low participation rates in health promotion programs targeted for at-risk employees.1-4 This concern is warranted because the success of these worksite programs, to a large degree...
School dropouts’ attitudes and beliefs about smoking 1998 514 The purpose of this study was to examine the association of beliefs and attitude related to smoking and smoking behavior among school dropouts in a national sample (weighted N= 492,352). The self-reported smoking rate for school dropouts was 58.3%. T...
Selecting programs for worksite health enhancement 1987 338 The number of outside vendors that provide health enhancement services in the workplace has increased dramatically with the demand. Recent estimates indicate there are more than 300 stress management vendors alone. Although this proliferation of wor...
Should values clarification be a goal or death education? 1986 989 Values clarification is often cited as a goal of death education. Related research has shown this process to be an effective educational methodology. Nonetheless, some distinct philosophical and practical problems have been associated with the values...
Smoking acquisition: Peer influence and self-selection 2000 1389 The study examined and contrasted the extent that peer influence and self-selection for smoking peers may affect acquisition of smoking by adolescents. Data for a U.S. national cohort sample of adolescents (N=4,444) who were nonsmokers in the 1989 Te...
Social influences on adolescent’s smoking process: a longitudinal analysis 1997 1066 The purpose of this study was to examine social factors that predicted adolescent smoking transition from non-smoking or experimental smoking to more advanced stages of smoking behavior during a three-year span. A national cohort sample of adolescent...
Sociodemographic correlates of overall dietary intake of US adolescents 2006 719 The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between selected sociodemographic variables and overall quality of dietary intake of US adolescents. The Healthy Eating Index, an instrument designed to measure adherence to the US Dietary Gu...
Strategies for Designing a Distance Education Course/Program 2008 226 The past decade has brought about a rapid growth of distance education (DE) courses and programs; this is particularly evident in the field of health education and promotion. This article provides an overview of strategies utilized in designing DE co...
Stress management education: A life skills approach for health promotion professionals 1985 4890 Stress is an inevitable and necessary component of life--to a degree. Excessive stress can become a disease promoting agent and constitutes a major health concern today. While some stressors can be avoided and others need to be confronted, in the end...
A study of school health promotion programs: implications for planning 1989 579 This article examines the results of a survey to assess the health promotion activities of school districts in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. These data reveal that of the 275 school superintendents who responded only 41 (14.9%) indicated that the...
A teaching strategy on euthanasia 1982 463 The term euthanasia has developed a negative connotation over the last half century. Technically, the term was derived from the Greek "eu" meaning good and "thanatos" meaning death. Thus, euthanasia can be defined as "good death." But the term is oft...
Ten year survey of public attitudes toward education with implications for health education 1980 561 During each of the past 10 years, the Gallup organization has conducted a nationwide survey of attitudes toward public education. A modified probability sample was used to analyze questions of current interest, as well as trend questions designed to ...
Tobacco use among American adolescents: Geographic and demographic variations 1994 744 A previous national study indicated that the South dominated other regions of the United States in tobacco use. Using the results of the Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, we examined the ge...
Tobacco use among school adolescents: National sociodemographic risk profiles 1998 517 This article examines sociodemographic risk and smoking and smokeless tobacco use among a national sample of school-based adolescents who participated in the 1993 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey. Findings show that six sociodemographic factors...
Towards standard measures in health assessment 1992 439 key component in the design, implementation, and evaluation of health education and health promotion programs is the measurement of health characteristics and practices. These measures can be used as baseline data points and subsequently as a means b...
Use of an ecological approach to worksite health promotion 2001 842 The purpose of this study is to outline the decline, implementation, and evaluation of a company-wide Health Risk Assessment (H RA) for employees of the Housing Authority of Birmingham District (HA BD). The planning team used "An Ecological Perspecti...
Using the responsibilities of the health educator to rate journals in the field 2002 429 Little is known about the coverage of health education responsibilities in peer-reviewed literature. Abstracts (n = 17,391) from one hundred health education related journals were reviewed and compared to the entry and graduate level responsibilities...
Wellness perspectives part 1: history, philosophy, and emerging trends 1989 1580 The health promotion/wellness movement is a relatively recent phenomenon. Health professionals continue to struggle with definitions of these constructs, implementation protocol, and evaluative strategies. As a means to address these issues, Wellness...
A worksite health promotion model for public schools 1996 628 Over the past several decades worksite-based health promotion efforts have slowly evolved. Although there are no standard program components common to all corporate programs, it is generally accepted that comprehensive, effective health promotion pro...