|Age and Sex Differences in Orofacial Strength
||This study explored age- and sex-related differences in orofacial strength. Healthy adult men (N = 88) and women (N = 83) participated in the study. Strength measures were obtained using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). Anterior and poste...
|Assessment of Orofacial Strength in Adults with Dysarthria
||Assessment of orofacial weakness is common during the evaluation of patients with suspected dysarthria. This study addressed the validity of clinical assessments of orofacial eakness by comparing clinical (subjective) ratings to instrumental (objecti...
|The effects of oral-motor exercises on swallowing in children: an evidence-based systematic review
||Aim: The aim of this unregistered evidence-based systematic review was to determine the state and quality of evidence on the effects of oral motor exercises (OME) on swallowing physiology, pulmonary health, functional swallowing outcomes, and droolin...
|Evidence-Based Systematic Review (EBSR): The Effects of Oral Motor Interventions on Feeding and Swallowing in Preterm Infants
||Purpose: To conduct an evidence-based systematic
review and provide an estimate of the
effects of oral motor interventions (OMIs) on
feeding/swallowing outcomes (both physiological
and functional) and pulmonary health in preterm
|Evidence-based systematic review: Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on swallowing and neural activation
||Purpose: To systematically review the literature examining the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on swallowing and neural activation. The review was conducted as part of a series examining the effects of oral motor exercises (OME...
|Generalized motor programme and parameterization accuracy in apraxia of speech and conduction aphasia
||The present study examined three aspects of motor programming (generalized
motor programme (GMP) accuracy, temporal parameterization accuracy, and
amplitude parameterization accuracy) in subjects with apraxia of speech (AOS)
or conduction aphasia ...
|Neuromuscular Treatments for Speech and Swallowing: A Tutorial
||Despite the proliferation of oral motor
therapies, much controversy exists regarding
the application and benefit of neuromuscular
treatments (NMTs) such as strength training for
alleviating dysarthria and/or dysphagia. Not
only is limited empiri...
|Quantifying Orofacial Muscle Stiffness Using Damped Oscillation
||Muscle stiffness can reflect muscle tone, often presumed to be aberrant in persons with dysarthria. This exploratory study used the Myoton-3 to assess stiffness of the lateral tongue and mid-cheek in 10 participants with various neurologic disorders-...
|Relationships Among Subjective and Objective Measures of Tongue Strength and Oral Phase Swallowing Impairments
||A growing literature documents the relationship
between tongue strength and oral phase
swallowing function. Objective measures of
strength have been recommended as more
valid and reliable than subjective measures for
the assessment of tongue fun...
|Visuomotor Tracking Abilities of Speakers with Apraxia of Speech or Conduction Aphasia
||This investigation examined the visuomotor tracking abilities of persons with apraxia of speech (AOS) or conduction aphasia (CA). In addition, tracking performance was correlated with perceptual judgments of speech accuracy. Five individuals with AOS...