Browse All

Theses & Dissertations

Submissions

  • Submissions (Articles, Chapters, and other finished products)

Dayna R. Touron

Dr. Touron studies cognitive functioning and performance in older and younger adults, including topics such as strategy use, skill acquisition, and metacognition.

There are 21 included publications by Dayna R. Touron :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Age differences in memory retrieval shift: Governed by feeling-of-knowing? 2011 56 The noun-pair lookup (NP) task was used to evaluate strategic shift from visual scanning to retrieval. We investigated whether age differences in feeling-of-knowing (FOK) account for older adults' delayed retrieval shift. Participants were randomly a...
Age differences in strategic behavior during a computation-based skill acquisition task 2009 247 The development of cognitive skills often involves a transition from an effortful and slow rule-based process to a more fluent memory retrieval process, which occurs with repeated practice on relevant problems (Ackerman & Woltz, 1994; Logan, 1988; Ri...
Age differences in strategy shift: Retrieval avoidance or general shift reluctance? 2013 197 Previous studies of metacognitive age differences in skill acquisition strategies have relied exclusively on tasks with a processing shift from an algorithm to retrieval strategy. Older adults’ demonstrated reluctance to shift strategies in such task...
Age-related differences in practice effects during reading comprehension: Older adults are slower to shift from computation to retrieval 2009 370 One of the most robust effects in psychology is the finding that practice yields a negatively accelerated decrease in the time required to perform a task. Speed-ups with practice have been shown in a wide range of cognitive tasks, from mental arithme...
Aging ebbs the flow of thought: Adult age differences in mind wandering, executive control, and self-evaluation. 2013 440 Two experiments examined the relations among adult aging, mind wandering, and executive-task performance, following from surprising laboratory findings that older adults report fewer task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) than do younger adults (e.g., Giambr...
Are item-level strategy shifts abrupt and collective? Age differences in cognitive skill acquisition 2006 239 Item-level analysis allows for the examination of qualitative age and individual differences in skill acquisition, which are obscured when aggregating data across items. In the present study, item-level strategy shifts were generally gradual and vari...
Cognitive Skill Learning: Age-related differences in the component processes of cognitive skill learning 2004 531 Younger and older adults solved novel arithmetic problems and reported the strategies used for obtaining solutions. Age deficits were demonstrated in the latencies for computing and retrieving solutions and in the shift from computation to retrieval....
Distinguishing age differences in knowledge, strategy use, and confidence during strategic skill acquisition 2004 814 The authors examined how age differences in strategy selection are related to associative learning deficits and metacognitive variables, including memory ability confidence. In Experiment 1, increases in memory reliance for performance of the noun-pa...
Does a time monitoring deficit influence older adults' delayed retrieval shift during skill acquisition? 2007 287 The authors evaluated age-related time-monitoring deficits and their contribution to older adults' reluctance to shift to memory retrieval in the noun-pair lookup (NP) task. Older adults (M = 67 years) showed slower rates of response time (RT) improv...
Eye movements and strategy shift in skill acquisition: Adult age differences. 2011 35 Objectives. The current article explores age differences in skill acquisition. We validated strategy self-reports, evaluated whether eye movements may be automatic as well as information seeking, and considered the contribution of eye movements to ag...
Judgments of learning are influenced by multiple cues in addition to memory for past test accuracy. 2013 125 When people try to learn new information (e.g., in a school setting), they often have multiple opportunities to study the material. One of the most important things to know is whether people adjust their study behavior on the basis of past success so...
Mediator-based encoding strategies in source monitoring in younger and older adults 2012 106 Past research has examined the contribution of mediator-based encoding strategies (interactive imagery and sentence generation) to individual (particularly age-related) differences in associative memory exclusively in the paired-associates paradigm. ...
Metacognitive influences on study time allocation in an associative recognition task: An analysis of adult age differences 2009 403 The current study evaluated a metacognitive account of study time allocation, which argues that metacognitive monitoring of recognition test accuracy and latency influences subsequent strategic control and regulation. The authors examined judgments o...
Metacognitive monitoring and strategic behavior in working memory performance: An examination of adult age differences 2009 899 Research indicates that cognitive age differences can be influenced by metacognitive factors. This research has generally focused on simple memory tasks. Age differences in working memory (WM) performance are pronounced, but are typically attributed ...
Moderation of older adults’ retrieval reluctance through task instructions and monetary incentives 2007 219 Previous research using a noun-pair lookup task indicates that older adults delay strategy shift from visual scanning to memory retrieval despite adequate learning, and that this "retrieval reluctance" is related to subjective choice factors. Age dif...
Older adults' use of metacognitive knowledge in source monitoring: Spared monitoring but impaired control. 2011 129 While episodic memory declines with age, metacognitive monitoring is spared. The current study explored whether older adults can use their preserved metacognitive knowledge to make source guesses in the absence of source memory. Through repetition, w...
Performance predictions affect attentional processes of event-based prospective memory. 2013 31 To investigate whether making performance predictions affects prospective memory (PM) processing, we asked one group of participants to predict their performance in a PM task embedded in an ongoing task and compared their performance with a control g...
A prelearning manipulation falsifies a pure associational deficit account of retrieval shift during skill acquisition. 2012 59 Older adults adopt memory-based response strategies during consistent practice more slowly and less completely than younger adults. In two experiments, participants either prelearned all, half, or none of the noun-pair stimuli prior to the completion...
Strategy shift affordance and strategy choice in young and older adults 2004 364 When skill acquisition involves a shift in strategy (such as from rule-based to retrieval-based processing), older adults typically shift later in practice than young adults do. We observed the shift from scanning-based to memory-based processing in...
Subjective Learning Discounts Test Type: Evidence from an Associative Learning and Transfer Task 2010 115 We evaluated the extent to which memory test format and test transfer influence the dynamics of metacognitive judgments. Participants completed 2 study-test phases for paired-associates, with or without transferring test type, in one of four conditio...
Subjective learning discounts test type: Evidence from an associative learning and transfer task. 2010 70 We evaluated the extent to which memory test format and test transfer influence the dynamics of metacognitive judgments. Participants completed two study-test phases for paired-associates, with or without transferring test type, in one of four condit...