|Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Collegiate Female Dancers
||ABOUT 80,000 to 250,000 anterior cruciate
ligament (ACL) injuries of the knee occur
annually, with many of these injuries affecting
individuals between the ages of 15-25
years.1 The majority of ACL injuries are noncontact
|The association of dermatologist-diagnosed and self-reported skin diseases with skin-related quality of life in Latino migrant farmworkers
||Background: Skin diseases are known to affect the quality of life (QoL), but data to support this are based on clinical samples. Few data document the skin-related QoL in the general population, and whether its association differs with self-reported ...
|Carbon Black Risk Assessment Comparison Is Flawed
||Although the effort of Valberg and Watson (1996) to incorporate epidemiologic data into an assessment of the plausibility of carcinogenicity estimates is to be commended, their analysis contains a fundamental
flaw. The authors equate comparison of o...
|Common Skin Disorders Seen in the Migrant Farmworker Health Care Clinic Setting
||Background: Skin diseases are common occupational illnesses for farmworkers. Migrant farmworkers commonly access rural health clinics for diagnosis and treatment of skin disease.
Purpose: To assess common skin conditions of migrant farmworkers treat...
|The Contribution of Benzene to Smoking-Induced Leukemia
||Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of leukemia; benzene, an established leukemogen,
is present in cigarette smoke. By combining epidemiologic data on the health effects of
smoking with risk assessment techniques for low-dose ext...
|Dermatological Illnesses of Immigrant Poultry-Processing Workers in North Carolina
||The authors designed this study to assess skin ailments among male Latino poultry-processing workers in one plant in North Carolina. Because conditions in poultry plants expose workers to multiple agents affecting the skin, the number of skin ailment...
|Diagnosed Skin Diseases Among Migrant Farmworkers in North Carolina: Prevalence and Risk Factors
||Skin diseases are common among farmworkers, yet little research documents their prevalence and risk factors. This analysis documents the prevalence of skin diseases among farmworkers in North Carolina, examines variation in the prevalence across the ...
|Dose-response relation between acrylamide and pancreatic cancer
||In their 1999 study of workers exposed to
acrylamide, Marsh et al conducted an SMR
analysis, and fitted several relative risk
regression models to the data.1 In each analy
sis, they found risk of pancreatic cancer
increased by about twofold for ...
|Factors Associated with Misperception of Weight in the Stroke Belt
||BACKGROUND: Understanding the reasons for over-weight and obesity is critical to addressing the obesity epidemic. Often the decision to lose weight is based as much on one’s self-perception of being overweight as on inherent health benefits.
|Green Tobacco Sickness and Skin Integrity Among Migrant Latino Farmworkers
||Background: Green tobacco sickness (GTS) affects approximately one-quarter of tobacco workers. The primary aim of this analysis is to expand existing knowledge of GTS risk factors by delineating the association of measures of skin integrity with the ...
|Health Care Utilization Among Migrant Latino Farmworkers: The Case of Skin Disease
||Context: Skin diseases are common occupational illnesses for migrant farmworkers. Farmworkers face many barriers in accessing health care resources.
Purpose: Framed by the Health Behavior Model, the purpose of this study was to assess health care ut...
|Incidence and Risk Factors for Concussion in High School Athletes, North Carolina, 1996–1999
||A prospective cohort study was used to quantify risk factors for sports concussions. Analysis was based on a stratified cluster sample of North Carolina high school athletes followed during 1996–1999. Clustering was by school and sport, and the sampl...
|Mortality From Six Work-Related Cancers Among African Americans and Latinos
||Background: Ethnic minorities have been omitted from many occupational health studies, despite their substantial contributions to the labor force and documented cases of high exposures in some settings. To describe the occurrence of potentially work-...
|Occupational Bladder Cancer Mortality Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities in 21 States
||Background: Occupational bladder cancer mortality among minority racial/ethnic groups is not well described compared to occupational bladder cancer mortality among non-minority males in the United States.
Methods: Race/ethnicity- and sex-specific bl...
|Occupational exposure assessment in case-control studies: opportunities for improvement
||Community based case-control studies are an efficient
means to study disease aetiologies, and may be the
only practical means to investigate rare diseases.
However, exposure assessment remains problematic.
We review the literature on the validity...
|The prevalence of melasma and its association with quality of life in adult male Latino migrant workers
||Background: Melasma is a common condition of Latino women that detracts from their quality of life (QOL). The prevalence and impact of melasma in Latino men is not well characterized.
Aim: To assess the prevalence of melasma and its association with...
|A Prospective Cohort Study of Injury Incidence and Risk Factors in North Carolina High School Competitive Cheerleaders
||Background: Cheerleaders suffer nearly half of catastrophic injuries observed in female scholastic athletes in the United States. However, incidence of noncatastrophic injury in this population has not been described.
Hypothesis: Coach, athlete, and...
|Pterygium Among Latino Migrant Farmworkers in North Carolina
||The authors describe the prevalence and severity of pterygium among Latino mi-grant farmworkers in North Carolina and delineate its risk factors. They selected a sample of 304 farmworkers working in eastern North Carolina in 2005. Digital photographs...
|Reconciling animal and human data in a cancer risk assessment of acrylonitrile
||Objectives Bioassays of rats exposed to acrylonitrile have consistently detected an elevated incidence of central
nervous system (CNS) cancer. In contrast, epidemiologic studies have not found a statistically stable increase in
CNS cancer mortality...
|Self Report of Skin Problems Among Farmworkers in North Carolina
||Background: This study estimates the prevalence of self-reported skin problems among Latino farmworkers and identifies associated risk factors.
Methods: The study used a longitudinal surveillance design. Participants were interviewed up to five time...
|Self-Treatment with Bleach by a Latino Farmworker
||Skin disease is common among migrant Latino farmworkers. These workers rarely use formal health care services but commonly
engage in self-treatment of their skin disease. We present a patient with dermatitis who self-treated with bleach. This patien...
|Skin Disease Among Latino Farmworkers in North Carolina
||An estimated 4.2 million seasonal and migrant farm workers and their dependents
live in the U.S. Most of these farmworkers are Latino. These workers are exposed to numerous
occupational and environmental risk factors that can result in skin disease...
|Skin-Related Quality of Life among Migrant Farmworkers
||Background: Farmworkers in North America work in an environment likely to produce skin injuries and illnesses that affect quality of life (QOL).
Objective: We identified the dimensions of skin-related QOL that were most impaired and examined predict...
|Spanish Dermatological Vocabulary Used by Mexican Workers
||Spanish is the second most common language spoken in the United States. Physicians can expect a growing population of patients who speak Spanish as their primary language. The purpose of this study was to develop a glossary of Spanish dermatological ...
|Teledermatology Consultations Provide Specialty Care for Farmworkers in Rural Clinics
||Context: Rural patients have limited access to dermatologic care. Farmworkers have high rates of skin disease and limited access to care.
Purpose: This exploratory study assessed whether teledermatology consultations could help meet the needs of hea...
|Vision Problems, Eye Care History, and Ocular Protection Among Migrant Farmworkers
||In this article, the authors describe the self-reported eye conditions, eyecare history, and eye safety practices of migrant farmworkers in eastern North Carolina. The authors administered interviews to 79 farmworkers recruited at migrant clinics. Da...