|Cigarette Smoking and Facial Wrinkles: A Review of the Literature
||Research studies indicate that smoking cigarettes is related to a premature development of facial wrinkles. Given that facial wrinkles may act as motivation for people to quit smoking, it is crucial that smoking cessation professionals be able to acc...
|Collaborative evaluation of a high school prevention curriculum: How methods of collaborative evaluation enhanced a randomized control trial to inform program improvement.
||Blending high-quality and rigorous research with pure evaluation practice can often be best accomplished through thoughtful collaboration. The evaluation of a high school drug prevention program (All Stars Senior) is an example of how perceived compe...
|College Alcohol Education and Prevention: a Case for Distance Education
||College educators and program developers have responded to this need using a variety of different multimedia technologies. Alcohol-related web sites are among the most popular. Many of these sites are designed to improve -knowledge, attitudes, and be...
|Coverage of Adolescent Substance Use Prevention in State Frameworks for Health Education
||Ten secondary health education state curriculum frameworks were reviewed for their inclusion of 12 mediators commonly used to prevent adolescent substance use. Specific aims of the investigation were: a) to identify the extent to which the 12 mediato...
|Coverage of adolescent substance use prevention in state frameworks for health education.
||BACKGROUND: The use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD) by adolescents is a national health issue. One way in which the United States approaches the prevention of substance use among adolescents is by teaching high school students about ATOD ...
|Does providing nutrition information at vending machines reduce calories per item sold?
||In 2010, the United States (US) enacted a restaurant menu labeling law. The law also applied to vending machine companies selling food. Research suggested that providing nutrition information on menus in restaurants might reduce the number of calorie...
|Effectiveness of a web-based alcohol-misuse and harm-prevention course among high--and low-risk students
||Objective: In the current study, the authors assessed whether a new online alcohol-misuse prevention course (College Alc) is more effective at reducing alcohol use and related consequences among drinkers and nondrinkers. Participants: The authors com...
|Factors Related to the Number of Fast Food Meals Obtained by College Meal Plan Students
||Objectives: This study tested whether days on campus, financial access through a meal plan, and health consciousness were associated with number of meals that college students obtained from fast food restaurants. Participants and Methods:
|Going the distance: Delivery of high school drug prevention via distance education.
||The purpose of this project was to develop a technology that can be used in schools where there are insufficient resources to implement a quality drug prevention program. The specific technology—distance education via teleconferencing—allows a highly...
|Hazardous drinking by first-year college-athletes: The differential roles of drinking motives, alcohol consequences, and season status
||College student-athletes and first-year students are two undergraduate populations at risk for heavy-episodic drinking and alcohol-related negative consequences. In this study, 63 (56% female, 62% Caucasian) first-year student-athletes completed a pr...
|Health-Related Social Norms Among High School Students
||Adolescents tend to overestimate the prevalence and acceptability of high-risk behaviors such as drug use and underestimate that of protective behaviors such as proper nutrition. Educational campaigns designed to correct social norms have demonstrate...
|Moving beyond the treatment package approach to developing behavioral interventions: addressing questions that arose during an application of the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST)
||Given current pressures to increase the public health contributions of behavioral interventions, intervention scientists may wish to consider moving beyond the classical treatment package approach that focuses primarily on achieving statistical signi...
|Normative Beliefs, Expectancies, and Alcohol-related Problems among College Students: Implications for Theory and Practice
||This investigation (1) examined the interrelations among normative beliefs, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol-related problems and (2) investigated whether alcohol-related expectancies mediate associations between normative beliefs and alcohol-relate...
|Quantifying littered cigarette butts to measure effectiveness of smoking bans to building perimeters.
||Objective: The authors estimated the number of violations of a university policy that prohibited smoking within 25 ft of all campus buildings. Participants: The project was conducted by 13 student researchers from the university and a member of the l...
|Short-term Evaluation of a Web-Based College Alcohol Misuse and Harm Prevention Course (College Alc)
||This study examined the short-term effects of a web-based alcohol misuse and harm prevention course (College Alc) among incoming freshmen at a California public university. Analysis results indicated that at the end of the fall semester, students ran...
|The snowball survey and peer-education posters: Methods of teaching social norms.
||Adolescent substance use is a major health issue in the United States. Adolescent substance use is associated with motor vehicle crashes,1 risky sexual behaviors,2 and the development of substance disorders during adulthood.3 National studies indicat...
|Twitter as a tool to warn others about sobriety checkpoints: A pilot observational study.
||Anecdotal evidence suggests that young people use the website Twitter as a tool to warn drivers about the locations of sobriety checkpoints. Researchers investigated this claim by independently analyzing the website’s content regarding a sample of 10...
|Using the Photovoice Method to Advocate for Change to a Campus Smoking Policy
||Objective: The authors used the photovoice method as a strategy for empowering students to advocate for change of a campus smoking policy. Participants: Participants included 49 college students and 160 photo-exhibit attendees during spring 2011. Met...
|YouTube: An international medium for sharing videos about hookah smoking.
||The hookah pipe is an ancient tool for smoking tobacco and is a growing public health concern at the global level. YouTube is a website that allows its members to post videos for people to watch and to share comments about the videos in an online for...