|Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem Among Black and White College Students
||Most studies on self-esteem among black and white Americans include samples of elementary school and high school students. In the present study, data on 298 black and white college students and an examination of the relationship between student's gra...
|Conceiving or Misconceiving the Self: Issues in Adolescent Self-Esteem
||An individual cannot touch, smell, taste, hear, or see self-esteem. The self is not a "natural" phenomenon and is thus not accessible to the same kinds of scientific inquiry and measurement as are natural psychological constructs that are observable ...
|Developmental Change and Stability in Adolescent Self-Concept
||This research challenges the traditional conception of adolescence as a time of stress and instability in self-concept. Using multiple measures of self-concept with a longitudinal sample, three components of self-concept are distinguished: the experi...
|Dimensions of Family Conflict and Their Influence on Child and Adolescent Adjustment
||Using the first (1987-1988) and second (1992-1994) waves of the National Survey of Families and Households, this study examines the concurrent and longitudinal influences of interparental conflict and parent-child conflict on child and adolescent adj...
|Diversity within Lesbian and Gay Families: Challenges and Implications for Family Theory and Research
||This paper describes and discusses diversity among lesbian and gay families along central dimensions of social stratification: gender, sexual orientation, generation, age, race and ethnicity. We examine implications of this diversity for traditional ...
|Early Adolescent Self-Esteem as a Function of Social Class: Rosenberg and Pearlin Revisited
||Self-esteem is postulated to be a function of social class in accordance
with four theoretical principles-reflected appraisals, self-perception,
social comparison, and psychological centrality. It is argued that the
ascribed nature of social class...
|The Families of Lesbians and Gay men: A New Frontier in Family Research
||To examine the extent to which the family relations of lesbians and gay men are integrated into the family literature, we reviewed over 8,000 articles published between 1980 and 1993 in nine journals that publish family research. Our review shows tha...
|Families With Young Children: A Review of Research in the 1990s
||Research conducted in the past decade on families with young chidren concentrated on 5 broad topics: (a) the transition to parenthood,' (b) the importance of maternal sensitivity for children's attachment security and subsequent adjustment and social...
|Family diversity and the division of domestic labor: How much have things really changed?
||Few studies have examined the distribution of housework across family types. Using a nationally representative sample, this paper examines the division of household labor in first-marriage families, stepfamilies, families headed by divorced mothers, ...
|Family Involvement with Children's Homework: An Intervention in the Middle Grades
||This study investigated a middle-grades mathematics homework intervention designed to increase family involvement in homework. The participants were 74 sixth-grade students and their families from a midwestern school. The students were enrolled in on...
|Family involvement with middle-grades homework: Effects of differential prompting
||A middle-grades homework intervention was investigated to determine if variations in prompting families to be involved with mathematics homework would influence their level of involvement. The extent to which family involvement was a predictor of stu...
|Family of Origin Influences on Late Adolescent Romantic Relationships
||Using Bowenian theory as a foundation, this study examined the hypothesis that properties of close relationships are transmitted from one generation to the next. A large sample of single, never married, late adolescents (N = 977) completed measures r...
|Family Relations and the Self-esteem of Adolescents and their Parents
||Previous research, especially that of Gecas and Schwalbe (1986), relating adolescent self- esteem to parental support, control, and participation is extended in the present investigation, which examines the effects of parent-adolescent communication ...
|Family Structure, Family Process, and Adolescent Well-Being
||This article examines the influence of family structure and family relation- ships on adolescent well-being. Using a subsample (N = 850) of data collected in the National Survey of Families and Households, we examine socioemotional adjustment, academ...
|From the Editor
||Volume 70, number 1, is the first issue of Journal of Marriage and Family (JMF) produced by the editorial office at The University of North Carolina-Greensboro. Most of the credit for this issue, however, should be extended to my predecessor, Alexis ...
|From the Editor
||I am pleased to announce that the publication of Volume 72 of Journal of Marriage and Family (JMF) ushers in some exciting changes, new resources, and the renewal of a rich tradition. Since 2004, when JMF expanded from a quarterly publication to one ...
|The Impact of Divorce on Children
||With the acceleration of the divorce rate from the mid- 1960s to the early 1980s, the number of nontraditional families (such as single-parent families and reconstituted families) have increased relative to intact, first-time nuclear families, This a...
|Issues in training family scientists
||Issues related to graduate education in family science, especially at the doctoral level, are explored in this article. Using Boyer's 4 types of scholarship ('i.e., discovery, integration, application, teaching) as a framework, we discuss the compete...
|The Measurement of Self-Esteem: Refining Our Methods
||A review of the literature indicates that (a) very little attention has been devoted to measurement problems plaguing the study of self-esteem and (b) few studies employ more than one type of self-esteem instrument. This study addresses these issues ...
|Parent-Child Relations: Assessing Recent Changes
||Profound structural changes in American marriage and family life over the past three decades have transformed "traditional" living arrangements for children and stimulated an enormous amount of popular and scholarly interest regarding the consequence...
|Physical Wife Abuse in a Non-Western society: An Integrated Theoretical Approach
||The current study uses survey data from a representative sample of 619 husbands residing in Bangkok, Thailand, to assess their use of physical force against their wives. Multivariate analyses are performed and a series of logistic regressions are est...
|Racial Identity and Well-Being among African Americans
||How racial identity influences self-esteem and psychological well-being among African Americans remains unresolved due to unexplained inconsistencies in theoretical predictions and empirical findings. Using data from the National Survey of American L...
|The Relentless Search for Effects of Divorce: Forging New Trails or Tumbling Down the Beaten Path?
||In his integrative review in this issue of JMF, Amato accomplishes an important task by providing sorely needed theoretical focus for research on children of divorce. He develops numerous linkages between theoretical frameworks, explicit hypotheses, ...
|Review of GROWING UP WITH A SINGLE PARENT: WHAT HURTS, WHAT HELPS, by Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur
||Integrating their insights from more than a decade of research on single-parent families, McLanahan and Sandefur rekindle the debate concerning the consequences for children growing up in households where only one biological parent is present. Their ...
|Review of NEW FAMILIES, NO FAMILIES? THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN HOME, by Frances K. Goldscheider and Linda J. Waite
||The central question of this book, captured succinctly in its clever title, is whether American families are disappearing due to singlehood, childlessness, and divorce ("no families"), or becoming more egalitarian as a result of rapid changes in gend...
|Review of THREE CORNERS: EXPLORING MARRIAGE AND THE SELF, by Stephen R. Marks
||Marks's explicit purpose in this book is to present an inductive, exploratory theory of marital dynamics. Analyzing rich biographical data obtained through interviews with 57 married couples and 15 recently divorced persons, he traces the linkages be...
|The Self-Concept Over Time: Research Issues and Directions
||Although theoretical attention has been devoted to the situational variability of the self-concept, empirical investigations continue to rely on one-shot methodologies. Such efforts assume that data obtained through these methods can be generalized t...
|Self-Perceptions of Black Americans: Self-Esteem and Personal Efficacy
||This study examines the determinants of personal self-esteem, racial self-esteem, and personal efficacy in a 1980 national sample of black Americans. The findings show that the three dimensions are inter- related and each is anchored in interpersonal...
|Singlehood, Marriage, and Remarriage: The Effects of Family Structure and Family Relationsbips on Mothers' Well-Being
||This article examines three dimensions of mothers' well-being (personal happiness, selfesteem,
and depression) across four diverse family structures (first-married, remarried,
divorced, and continuously single-parent families). Using a nationally r...
|Situational and Transituational Determinants of Adolescent Self-Feelings
||Employing a new self-report technique (paging devices), the self-feelings of 35 adolescents were assessed in various naturalistic contexts. Regression analysis was used to assess the stability of self-feelings. Individuals fell into three groups: sta...
|Work, Family, and Personality: Transition to Adulthood. "By Jeylan T. Mortimer, Jon Lorence, and Donald S. Kumka" (Book Review)
||It is perhaps too common and conventional to praise a monograph as an invaluable contribution to a particular research area, but Work, Family, and Personality is indeed
worthy of such praise. This book presents a unique study of the two most ...