Listening to Mozart Does Not Enhance Backwards Digit Span Performance

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kenneth M. Steele Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky recently reported that exposure to brief periods of music by Mozart produced a temporary increase in performance on tasks taken from the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale-IV. The present study examined whether this effect occurred in performance on a backwards digit span cask. In a within-subjects design 36 undergraduates were exposed to 10-min. periods of Mozart music, a recording of rain, or silence. After each stimulus period, undergraduates had three attempts to hear and recall different 9-digit strings in reverse order. No significant differences among treatment conditions were found. There was a significant effect of practice. Results are discussed in terms of the need to isolate the conditions responsible for production of the Mozart effect.

Additional Information

Steele, K. M., Ball, T. N., & Runk, R. (1997). Listening to Mozart does not enhance backwards digit span performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 84(3c): 1179-1184 (June 1997). Published by Ammons Scientific (ISSN: 0031-5125).
Language: English
Date: 1997

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