The Impact of Replacing Run Training with Cross-training on Performance of Trained Runners

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David M. Honea (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site:
Travis Triplett

Abstract: Previous research has shown that runners who cross-train can maintain physiological parameters such as maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) but has been equivocal about the ability to maintain competitive running performance while cross-training. In this study, a group of high school cross country runners was tested immediately after their season on a treadmill for VO2max, lactate threshold, and running economy. They also performed a 3000-meter time trial. Following the tests, the runners were assigned to one of two cross-training groups, using either elliptical exercise machines or stationary bicycles, and given assigned workouts to replace all running. After five weeks of cross-training, the treadmill and performance tests were repeated. A control group of runners completed the same tests but continued normal off-season run training. Post-study 3-km time trials were significantly slower than the pre-study for both cross-training groups, while the control group showed non-significant improvements. Differences between the elliptical trainer and stationary bike groups were not statistically significant. No significant changes were found in any group for VO2max or lactate threshold. Cross-training with either an elliptical trainer or a stationary bike maintained VO2max and lactate threshold as measured during treadmill running, but they did not preserve running performance level.

Additional Information

Honea, D.M. (2012). The Impact of Replacing Run Training with Cross-training on Performance of Trained Runners. Unpublished master’s thesis. Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.
Language: English
Date: 2012
Running performance, Cross-training, Elliptical exercise, Running Economy, Stationary Bike

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