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Cognitive Skill Learning: Age-Related Differences in Strategy Shifts and Speed of Component Operations

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dayna Touron Ph.D., Assistant Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Younger and older adults solved novel arithmetic problems and reported the strategies used for obtaining solutions. Age deficits were demonstrated in the latencies for computing and retrieving solutions and in the shift from computation to retrieval. Rates of improvement within age groups were parallel for computations and retrievals, suggesting a single, age-attenuated mechanism that affects practice-related speedup. The age-related delay in strategy shift suggests either reluctance to use retrieval or an associative memory deficit. Experiment 1 showed that skill acquisition was unaffected by the presence and frequency of postresponse strategy probes for both age groups. Experiment 2 showed that pretraining item-learning operations facilitated subsequent item learning and that pretraining either item-learning operations or the algorithm did not alter the age trends.

Additional Information

Publication
Touron, D. R., Hoyer, W. J., & Cerella, J. (2004). Cognitive skill learning: Age-related differences in the component processes of cognitive skill learning. Psychology and Aging, 19(4): 565-580. (Dec 2004) Published by the American Psychological Association (ISSN: 1939-1498). This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Language: English
Date: 2004