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Cognitive Skill Acquisition and Transfer in Younger and Older Adults

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dayna Touron Ph.D., Assistant Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: The acquisition of cognitive skills often depends on 1 of (or a combination of) 2 processes, the execution of an algorithm, and the retrieval of problem instances. This study examined the effects of age and repetition of problem instances on the production and verification of solutions to 2 serially presented sets of alphabet arithmetic problems. Analyses of the parameters derived from power-function fits for individuals revealed age differences favoring young adults in improvement span, learning rate, and asymptote. For both age groups, the beneficial effects of repetitions on 1st-set response times were attributable to algorithmic speedup and to the retrieval of instances, whereas improvements in the speed of 2nd-set response times were attributable primarily to item retrieval.

Additional Information

Publication
Touron, D. R., Hoyer, W. J., & Cerella, J. (2001). Cognitive skill acquisition and transfer in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 16(4): 555-563. (Dec 2001) Published by the American Psychological Association (ISSN: 1939-1498). This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Language: English
Date: 2001