Distinguishing Age Differences in Knowledge, Strategy Use, and Confidence During Strategic Skill Acquisition

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dayna Touron Ph.D., Assistant Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: The authors examined how age differences in strategy selection are related to associative learning deficits and metacognitive variables, including memory ability confidence. In Experiment 1, increases in memory reliance for performance of the noun-pair lookup task were compared with increases in noun-pair memory ability. In Experiment 2, memory reliance was assessed for noun pairs memorized prior to the task. In each experiment, older adults manifested a substantial delay in transition to a retrieval-based strategy despite comparable noun-pair knowledge. In Experiment 3, young and older adults reported comparable confidence ratings for the accuracy of each memory probe response. However, older adults reported lower confidence in their general ability to use the memory retrieval strategy, which correlated with avoidance of the retrieval strategy.

Additional Information

Publication
Touron, D. R., & Hertzog, C. (2004). Distinguishing age differences in knowledge, strategy use, and confidence during strategic skill acquisition. Psychology and Aging, 19(3): 452-466. (Sep 2004) Published by the American Psychological Association (ISSN: 1939-1498). This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Language: English
Date: 2004