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A Comparison of Strength and Power Characteristics Between Power Lifters, Olympic Lifters, and Sprinters

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
N. Travis Triplett Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of involvement in power lifting, Olympic lifting, and sprinting on strength and power characteristics in the squat movement. A standard one repetition maximum squat test, jump squat tests, and vertical jumps with various loads were performed. The power lifters (PL, n = 8), Olympic lifters (OL, n = 6), and sprinters (S, n = 6) were significantly stronger than the controls (C, n = 8) (p <= 0.05). In addition, the OL group was significantly stronger than the S group. The OL group produced significantly higher peak forces, power outputs, velocities, and jump heights in comparison to the PL and C groups for jump trials at various loads. The S group produced higher peak velocities and jump heights in comparison to the PL and C groups for jump trials at various loads. The PL group was significantly higher in peak force and peak power for jump trials at various loads in comparison to the C group. The data indicates that strength and power characteristics are specific to each group and are most likely influenced by the various training protocols utilized.

Additional Information

Publication
McBride, J.M., Triplett-McBride, T., Davie, A., and Newton, R.U. (1999) A comparison of strength and power characteristics between power lifters, Olympic lifters, and sprinters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 13(1), 58-66. Published by National Strength and Conditioning Association (ISSN: 1533-4287). Original version available from publisher’s web site: http://www.nsca-lift.org
Language: English
Date: 1999