A Method for Monitoring Intensity During Aquatic Resistance Exercises

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
N. Travis Triplett Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: The aims of this study were (i) to check whether monitoring of both the rhythm of execution and the perceived effort is a valid tool for reproducing the same intensity of effort in different sets of the same aquatic resistance exercise (ARE) and (ii) to assess whether this method allows the ARE to be put at the same intensity level as its equivalent carried out on dry land. Four healthy trained young men performed horizontal shoulder abduction and adduction (HSAb/Ad) movements in water and on dry land. Muscle activation was recorded using surface electromyography of 1 stabilizer and several agonist muscles. Before the final tests, the ARE movement cadence was established individually following a rhythmic digitalized sequence of beats to define the alternate HSAb/Ad movements. This cadence allowed the subject to perform 15 repetitions at a perceived exertion of 9–10 using Hydro-Tone Bells. After that, each subject performed 2 nonconsecutive ARE sets. The dry land exercises (1 set of HSAb and 1 set of HSAd) were performed using a dual adjustable pulley cable motion machine, with the previous selection of weights that allowed the same movement cadence to be maintained and the completion of the same repetitions in each of the sets as with the ARE. The average normalized data were compared for the exercises in order to determine possible differences in muscle activity. The results show the validity of this method for reproducing the intensity of effort in different sets of the same ARE, but is not valid for matching the same intensity level as kinematically similar land-based exercises.

Additional Information

Colado, J.C., Tella, V., and Triplett, N.T. (2008) A method for monitoring intensity during aquatic resistance exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 22(6), 2045-2049. Published by National Strength and Conditioning Association (ISSN: 1533-4287). Original version available from publisher’s web site: http://www.nsca-lift.org
Language: English
Date: 2008