Spermine Inhibits Vibrio cholerae Biofilm Formation Through The NspS-MbaA Polyamine Signaling System

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Ece Karatan Ph.D., Associate Professor (Creator)
Howard S. Neufeld Ph.D., Professor (Contributor)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: The aquatic bacterium and human intestinal pathogen, Vibrio cholerae, senses and responds to a variety of environment-specific cues to regulate biofilm formation. Specifically, the polyamines norspermidine and spermidine enhance and repress V. cholerae biofilm formation, respectively. These effects are relevant for understanding V. cholerae pathogenicity and are mediated through the periplasmic binding protein NspS and the transmembrane bis-(3'-5') cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) phosphodiesterase MbaA. However, the levels of spermidine required to inhibit biofilm formation through this pathway are unlikely to be encountered by V. cholerae in aquatic reservoirs or within the human host during infection. We therefore hypothesized that other polyamines in the gastrointestinal tract may control V. cholerae biofilm formation at physiological levels. The tetramine spermine has been reported to be present at nearly 50 µm concentrations in the intestinal lumen. Here, we report that spermine acts as an exogenous cue that inhibits V. cholerae biofilm formation through the NspS–MbaA signaling system. We found that this effect probably occurs through a direct interaction of spermine with NspS, as purified NspS protein could bind spermine in vitro. Spermine also inhibited biofilm formation by altering the transcription of the vps genes involved in biofilm matrix production. Global c-di-GMP levels were unaffected by spermine supplementation, suggesting that biofilm formation may be regulated by variations in local rather than global c-di-GMP pools. Finally, we propose a model illustrating how the NspS–MbaA signaling system may communicate exogenous polyamine content to the cell to control biofilm formation in the aquatic environment and within the human intestine.

Additional Information

Sobe, R.C., Bond, W.G., Wotanis, C.K., Zayner, J.P., Burriss, M.A., Fernandez, N., Bruger, E.L., Waters, C.M., Neufeld, H.S., and Karatan, E. (2017) Spermine inhibits Vibrio cholerae biofilm formation through the NspS-MbaA polyamine signaling pathway. J Biol Chem. Oct 13;292(41):17025-17036 doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.801068. Publisher version of record available at: https://www.jbc.org/content/292/41/17025
Language: English
Date: 2017
bacterial signal transduction, biofilm, cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP), polyamine, Vibrio cholerae

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