Social Movements And Tourism-Related Local Action

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Carol Kline PhD, Associate Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Social movements often emerge as a response to oppression generated from uncertain economic conditions. This study focuses on the role of HandMade in America, a regional economic development organization, in cultivating the change-agent components of social movements (consciousness-raising, networking, and self-efficacy) in seven tourism-reliant communities. Results from interviews, focus groups, and a review of archived publications indicate that HandMade’s distinctive approach cultivates social movement components via its Visioning and Charrettes, Clean, Green and Screen Projects, Project and Grants Cycles, Annual Cluster Meetings, and Ongoing Contact with HandMade. These important findings force a theoretical debate as to what constitutes a social movement organization and a practical debate for tourism developers to view their efforts in a different light.

Additional Information

McGehee, N. G., et al. (2014). "Social movements and tourism-related local action." Annals of Tourism Research 48: 140-155. Publisher version of record available at:
Language: English
Date: 2014
Regional tourism development, Rural tourism, Social movement theory, Self-efficacy, Networks

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