Effects of a freeze-dried juice blend powder on exercise induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune function in cyclists

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dr.. David Nieman, Director (Creator)
Andrew Shanely Ph.D, Associate professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: A freeze-dried fruit and vegetable juice powder (JUICE) was investigated as a countermeasure nutritional strategy to exercise-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune perturbations in trained cyclists. Thirty-fourcyclists (25 male, 9 female) were randomized to control (nonJUICE) or JUICE for 17 days. JUICE provided 230 mg·day-1 of flavonoids, doubling the typical adult daily intake. During a 3-d period of intensified exercise (days 15–17), subjects cycled at 70%–75% V? O2max for 2.25 h per day, followed by a 15-min time trial. Blood samples were collected presupplementation, post supplementation (pre-exercise), and immediately and 14-h post exercise on the third day of exercise. Samples were analyzed for inflammation (interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8; tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNFa); monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)), oxidative stress (oxygen radical absorbance capacity(ORAC), ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), reduced and oxidized glutathione, protein carbonyls), and innateimmune function (granulocyte (G-PHAG) and monocyte (M-PHAG) phagocytosis and oxidative burst activity). A2 (group) × 4 (time points) repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant time effects due to 3 days of exercise forIL-6 (396% increase), IL-8 (78% increase), TNFa (12% increase), MCP-1 (30% increase), G-PHAG (38% increase), MPHAG(36% increase), FRAP (12.6% increase), ORAC (11% decrease at 14 h post exercise), and protein carbonyls(82% increase at 14 h post exercise) (p < 0.01). No significant interaction effects were found for any of thephysiological measures. Although providing 695 gallic acid equivalents of polyphenols per day, JUICE treatment for 17 days did not change exercise-induced alterations in inflammation and oxidative stress or immune function intrained cyclists after a 3-day period of overreaching.

Additional Information

Publication
Amy M. Knab, David C. Nieman, Nicholas D. Gillitt, R. Andrew Shanely, Lynn Cialdella-Kam, Dru Henson, Wei Sha, and Mary Pat Meaney (2014) "Effects of a freeze-dried juice blend powder on exercise-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune function in cyclists" Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 39:381-5 Version or record available @ (dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0338)
Language: English
Date: 2014
Keywords
polyphenols, flavonoids, humans, athletes

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