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Todd McElroy Ph.D.

There are 15 included publications by Todd McElroy Ph.D.:

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Action Orientation, Consistency and Feelings of Regret 2007 276 Previous research has demonstrated that consistency between people’s behavior and their dispositions has predictive validity for judgments of regret. Research has also shown that differences in the personality variable of action orientation can influ...
Attributional Biases in the Service of Stereotype Maintenance: A Schema-Maintenance Through Compensation Analysis 2003 288 Six experiments were conducted to test assumptions of a schema- maintenance through compensation analysis. The results of these experiments indicated that perceivers can compensate for the inconsistent action of one individual (the target) by alte...
Better Than Better-Than-Average (or Not): Elevated and Depressed Self-evaluations Following Unfavorable Social Comparisons 2006 358 Two experiments were designed to investigate perceivers’ self-evaluations when they received objectively positive above-average performance feedback but were told about another coactor who performed either moderately or much better than the partic...
Does It Matter If It Involves My Group? How the Importance of Collective-Esteem Influences a Group-Based Framing Task 2006 78 Studies that have addressed questions concerning when framing effects are likely to occur have produced mixed results. In this article we examine how differences in personality factors influence a group–based framing task. Specifically, when high ...
Framing Effects: An Analytic–Holistic Perspective 2003 421 Under what conditions, why, and for whom are framing effects most likely? In this paper, we build on the existing literature (e.g., Chaiken, 1987; Epstein, Lipson, Holstein, & Huh, 1992; Evans & Over, 1996; Fiske & Neuberg, 1990; Payne, Bettman, & Jo...
Framing the Frame: How Task Goals Determine the Likelihood and Direction of Framing Effects 2007 126 We examined how the goal of a decision task influences the perceived positive, negative valence of the alternatives and thereby the likelihood and direction of framing effects. In Study 1 we manipulated the goal to increase, decrease or maintain the ...
Healthy Choices in Context: How Contextual Cues Can Influence the Persuasiveness of Framed Health Messages 2009 284 Research has shown that framing messages in terms of benefits or detriments can have a substantial influence on intended behavior. For prevention behaviors, positively framed messages have been found to elicit stronger behavioral intentions than nega...
On the Other Hand Am I Rational? Hemispheric Activation and the Framing Effect 2004 203 In recent decades the investigation of framing effects has become the foremost studied phenomenon of rational/irrational decision making. Two experiments were conducted to determine whether the functional specializations of the left and the right hem...
Reflections of the Self: How Self-Esteem Determines Decision Framing and Increases Risk Taking 2007 288 Historically, research examining the influence of individual personality factors on decision processing has been sparse. In this paper we investigate how one important individual aspect, self-esteem, influences imposition and subsequent processing ...
Regret: The Roles of Consistency-Fit and Counterfactual Salience 2008 158 Four studies examined the role of a decision's consistency with the orientation of the decision-maker in determining regret. In accordance with our consistency-fit model of regret, the consistency of a decision in relation to decision-makers' goal...
Strategies for Reducing the Stress of Negative Life Experiences: An Averaging/Summation Analysis 2002 257 Experiments 1 through 4 investigated how different orientations to stimulus events influenced whether the addition of a mildly negative stressor to a highly negative one did or did not decrease stress. In Experiment 1, reductions in stress levels ...
Susceptibility to Anchoring Effects: How Openness-to-Experience Influences Responses to Anchoring Cues 2007 283 Previous research on anchoring has shown this heuristic to be a very robust psychological phenomenon ubiquitous across many domains of human judgment and decision-making. Despite the prevalence of anchoring effects, researchers have only recently beg...
Thinking about Product Attributes: Investigating the Role of Unconscious Valence Processing in Attribute Framing 2009 257 In the present investigation we conducted three studies to examine how unconscious valence processing influences participants’ quality judgments in an attribute-framing task. In Studies 1 and 2 we observed how individuals who had depleted cognitive r...
To Do or Not to Do: Desirability and Consistency Mediate Judgments of Regret 2001 373 In 4 studies, the authors demonstrated that when errors associated with action were inconsistent with decision makers' orientation, they were undesirable and produced more regret than did errors associated with inaction. Conversely, when errors assoc...
When Is It Going To Happen? How Temporal Distance Influences Processing for Risky–Choice Framing Tasks 2007 242 In this article we examine how temporal proximity of an event influences decision task processing and, in turn, the likelihood of framing effects. We hypothesized that events occurring in the relatively near future should be more likely to induce ...