|The College Persistence Questionnaire: Development and Validation of an Instrument That Predicts Student Attrition
||The investigators reviewed the retention literature and developed a 53-item questionnaire and tested its validity. Component analysis of the responses of 2,022 students at four schools yielded six reliable factors: Institutional Commitment, Degree Co...
|Demonstration of an Actuarial Method for Estimating Preinjury Hand Strength
||Assessments of the magnitude of performance loss caused by injury or disease necessarily involve a comparison of a person's performance before and after the onset of impairment. Well-established procedures are available for measuring current performa...
|Development and Validation of Scores on a Measure of Six Academic Orientations in College Students
||This article describes the development and score validation of a 36-item measure of six
academic orientations in college students: structure dependence, creative expression,
reading for pleasure, academic efficacy, academic apathy, and mistrust of ...
|Effects of Human–Machine Competition on Intent Errors in a Target Detection Task
||Objective: This investigation examined the impact of human–machine competition (John Henry effects) on intent errors. John Henry effects, expressed as an unwilling- ness to use automation, were hypothesized to increase as a function of operators’ per...
|The Evidence Supports Douglas Merritte as Little Albert
|Finding Little Albert: A Journey to John B. Watson’s Infant Laboratory
||In 1920, John Watson and Rosalie Rayner claimed to have conditioned a baby boy, Albert, to fear a laboratory rat. In subsequent tests, they reported that the child’s fear generalized to other furry objects. After the last testing session, Albert disa...
|Finding Little Albert: Reports on a seven-year search for psychology’s lost boy
||In 1920 the British Psychological Society invited John Broadus Watson to address a symposium on behaviourism (Watson, 1920). Watson was disappointed that his university was unable to fund his crossing. This article provides new information about a st...
|LITTLE ALBERT: A Neurologically Impaired Child
||Evidence collected by Beck, Levinson, and Irons (2009) indicates that Albert B., the “lost” infant subject of John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner’s (1920) famous condi tioning study, was Douglas Merritte (1919 –1925). Following the finding that Merritt...
|Predicting Misuse and Disuse of Combat Identification Systems
||Two combat identification systems have been designed to reduce fratricide by providing soldiers with the ability to "interrogate" a potential target by sending a microwave or laser signal that, if returned, identifies the target as a "friend." Ideall...
|The Relations of Learning and Grade Orientations to Academic Performance
||This investigation assessed the roles of learning orientation (LO)
and grade orientation (GO) in academic performance. Most
important, we found that GO was negatively correlated with
grade point average (GPA) and General Psychology test scores.