|Behavioral Treatment for a Female Engaging in Autoerotic Asphyxiation
||Once thought to be a phenomenon only practiced by men, autoerotic asphyxiation,
a form of sexual masochism that is life-threatening, has been documented in women.
This case study presents a 22-year-old college female with comorbid depression and
|Body size dissatisfaction and avoidance behavior: How gender, age, ethnicity, and relative clothing size predict what some won’t try
||Sixty-eight percent of U.S. adults are overweight/obese, and this epidemic has physical, psychosocial, and behavioral consequences. An internet sample of adults (N = 2997) perceiving themselves as larger than ideal in clothing size reported their bod...
|College student drinking: Perception of the norm and behavioral intentions
||Social norm campaigns assume that college students desire to increase their drinking, and may eventually do so, to match inflated perceptions of peer drinking. We assessed 171 college students on self-reported drinking, desired drinking and perceptio...
|Do Animated Disney Characters Portray and Promote the Beauty–Goodness Stereotype?
||The films of Walt Disney have served as icons of childhood over the last century. The Disney Corporation’s success is evidenced in its financial fortitude. In 1995, Walt Disney Company had the biggest market share, relative to the number of releases,...
|Evaluation of a Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy Intervention to Improve Body Image and Decrease Dieting in College Women
||This two-group experimental study evaluated the effectiveness of a cognitive–behavioral body image intervention, adapted from an effective clinical intervention, with normal college females. Participants included nonclinical, freshman college women w...
|Examining “fat talk” experimentally in a female dyad: How are women influenced by another woman's body presentation style?
||Fat talk, the verbal dissatisfaction that women express about their bodies, was studied in a female dyad whereby participants interacted with a female confederate who either self-derogated, self-accepted, or self-aggrandized. A 2 (participant body es...
|Fat talk and self-presentation of body image: Is there a social norm for women to self-degrade?
||The current investigations build upon previous ethnographic research, which identified a social norm for adolescent females to engage in “fat talk” (informal dialogue during which individuals express body dissatisfaction). In Study 1, participants we...
|Gender Comparisons of Fat Talk in the United Kingdom and the United States
||This study compared different forms of body talk, including “fat talk,” among 231 university men and women in central England (UK; n=93) and the southeastern United States (US; n=138). A 2 (gender) by 2 (country) repeated measures ANOVA across types ...
|Gender Differences in the Association among Nicotine Dependence, Body Image, Depression, and Anxiety within a College Population
||Previous research has linked female weight concerns and smoking. This study examined whether poor body image and other eating disorder variables, after controlling for symptoms of anxiety and depression, were predictive of smoking severity in a sampl...
|Gender Differences in Fat Talk Among American Adults: Results from the Psychology of Size Survey
||Vignettes were used to assess gender differences
in likelihood of hearing others engage in and perceived
pressure to join in positive, negative (fat talk), and self-accepting
body talk. An age-representative sample of 4,014
adult women and men vo...
|Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation Among College Students
||Motivational interviewing has shown some success as an intervention for college student cigarette smokers. We tested the efficacy and process of a two session motivational-interviewing-based smoking intervention compared to an assessment/information ...
|Peer pressure to “Fat talk”: Does audience type influence how women portray their body image?
||“Fat talk” describes women discussing their bodies disparagingly for impression management while interacting with one another. This study examined whether college females deliberately alter their self-reported body image according to characteristics ...
|Physician’s Personal and Practice Use of CAM Therapies in a Rural Community in the Southeast United States
||Abstract not available
|Predicting ideal body mass index: What does clothing size have to do with it?
||This study examined demographic and anthropometric variables as predictors of ideal body mass index (BMI) from cross-sectional, archival, self-reported data from the Psychology of Size Survey of 4014 U.S. residents collected in 2007. As hypothesized,...
|Psychological, nutritional, and energy expenditure differences in college females with anorexia nervosa vs. comparable-mass controls
||This is the first study to examine psychological and behavioral variables in nonhospitalized college females with subclinical anorexia nervosa (AN) as compared to healthy college females of comparable body mass (i.e., body mass index (BMI)<19). Parti...
|Retrospective Reports of Child Feeding Practices, Current Eating Behaviors, and BMI in College Students
||Research concerning child feeding practices has focused on children and adolescents, and little is known about how feeding practices used in childhood relate to eating behaviors and weight status in early adulthood. We assessed college students’ and ...
|Social likeability, conformity, and body talk: Does fat talk have a normative rival in female body image conversations?
||Fat talk, dialogues among women involving negative body-focused discussions, was studied as a function of conformity and social likeability through the use of four vignettes depicting young women in conversation. Using a 2 (body presentation style of...
|Testing the norm to fat talk for women of varying size: What’s weight got to do with it?
||“Fat talk” is the conversational phenomenon whereby people berate their bodies in social circles. This study assessed whether norms of fat talk differ for overweight versus average-weight women. Sixty-three women read a script depicting a fat talk si...
|They’re Not “Abnormal” and We’re Not Making Them “Abnormal”: A Longitudinal Study
||A course in abnormal psychology may attract students with
psychopathology, negatively impact some students, or both. This
longitudinal study investigated the selection hypothesis and the impact
on undergraduates taking abnormal psychology. Partici...
|Women And Cigarette Smoking: Does Amount Of Weight Gain Following A Failed Quit Attempt Affect Social Disapproval?
||This study examined the perception of social attractiveness and approval of smoking in a vignette of an American college female smoker after a failed quit attempt. It was hypothesized that she would be perceived more favorably when she was smoking to...
|A Writing Intervention for Negative Body Image: Pennebaker Fails to Surpass the Placebo
||Pennebaker’s therapeutic writing paradigm was assessed as a brief intervention for negative body image. Females were randomly
assigned to write about their body image (experimental; n = 23) or their
bedroom (controls; n = 25) for four days. Body im...