|Body size dissatisfaction and avoidance behavior: How gender, age, ethnicity, and relative clothing size predict what some won’t try
||Sixty-eight percent of U.S. adults are overweight/obese, and this epidemic has physical, psychosocial, and behavioral consequences. An internet sample of adults (N = 2997) perceiving themselves as larger than ideal in clothing size reported their bod...
|College student drinking: Perception of the norm and behavioral intentions
||Social norm campaigns assume that college students desire to increase their drinking, and may eventually do so, to match inflated perceptions of peer drinking. We assessed 171 college students on self-reported drinking, desired drinking and perceptio...
|Comparison of Extended Versus Brief Treatments for Marijuana Use
||Adult marijuana users (N = 291) seeking treatment were randomly assigned to an extended 14-session Cognitive–behavioral group treatment (relapse prevention support group; RPSG), a brief 2-session individual treatment using motivational interviewing (...
|Do Animated Disney Characters Portray and Promote the Beauty–Goodness Stereotype?
||The films of Walt Disney have served as icons of childhood over the last century. The Disney Corporation’s success is evidenced in its financial fortitude. In 1995, Walt Disney Company had the biggest market share, relative to the number of releases,...
|Evaluation of a Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy Intervention to Improve Body Image and Decrease Dieting in College Women
||This two-group experimental study evaluated the effectiveness of a cognitive–behavioral body image intervention, adapted from an effective clinical intervention, with normal college females. Participants included nonclinical, freshman college women w...
|Examining “fat talk” experimentally in a female dyad: How are women influenced by another woman's body presentation style?
||Fat talk, the verbal dissatisfaction that women express about their bodies, was studied in a female dyad whereby participants interacted with a female confederate who either self-derogated, self-accepted, or self-aggrandized. A 2 (participant body es...
|Fat talk and self-presentation of body image: Is there a social norm for women to self-degrade?
||The current investigations build upon previous ethnographic research, which identified a social norm for adolescent females to engage in “fat talk” (informal dialogue during which individuals express body dissatisfaction). In Study 1, participants we...
|Gender Differences in the Association among Nicotine Dependence, Body Image, Depression, and Anxiety within a College Population
||Previous research has linked female weight concerns and smoking. This study examined whether poor body image and other eating disorder variables, after controlling for symptoms of anxiety and depression, were predictive of smoking severity in a sampl...
|Gender Differences in Fat Talk Among American Adults: Results from the Psychology of Size Survey
||Vignettes were used to assess gender differences
in likelihood of hearing others engage in and perceived
pressure to join in positive, negative (fat talk), and self-accepting
body talk. An age-representative sample of 4,014
adult women and men vo...
|Goal Setting and Feedback in the Reduction of Heavy Drinking in Female College Students
||The present study examines self-regulation variables (goals, feedback, goal commitment, efficacy, discrepancy) within the context of a brief intervention designed to decrease heavy drinking amongst college females. Participants (N = 76) were randomly...
|Group-based motivational interviewing for alcohol use among college students: An exploratory study
||How can practicing psychologists help reduce excessive alcohol consumption among college students? Over 80% of college students consume alcohol, and a significant percentage drinks excessively with myriad problems. Brief interventions based on motiva...
|Methamphetamine treatment in rural western North Carolina [Presentation Slides]
||This presentation describes the implementation of an empirically-supported intervention for methamphetamine abuse, and outcomes will be contrasted with an intensive family-based intervention in rural Western North Carolina.
|Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation Among College Students
||Motivational interviewing has shown some success as an intervention for college student cigarette smokers. We tested the efficacy and process of a two session motivational-interviewing-based smoking intervention compared to an assessment/information ...
|Psychological, nutritional, and energy expenditure differences in college females with anorexia nervosa vs. comparable-mass controls
||This is the first study to examine psychological and behavioral variables in nonhospitalized college females with subclinical anorexia nervosa (AN) as compared to healthy college females of comparable body mass (i.e., body mass index (BMI)<19). Parti...
|Testing the norm to fat talk for women of varying size: What’s weight got to do with it?
||“Fat talk” is the conversational phenomenon whereby people berate their bodies in social circles. This study assessed whether norms of fat talk differ for overweight versus average-weight women. Sixty-three women read a script depicting a fat talk si...
|Women And Cigarette Smoking: Does Amount Of Weight Gain Following A Failed Quit Attempt Affect Social Disapproval?
||This study examined the perception of social attractiveness and approval of smoking in a vignette of an American college female smoker after a failed quit attempt. It was hypothesized that she would be perceived more favorably when she was smoking to...
|A Writing Intervention for Negative Body Image: Pennebaker Fails to Surpass the Placebo
||Pennebaker’s therapeutic writing paradigm was assessed
as a brief intervention for negative body image. Females were randomly
assigned to write about their body image (experimental; n = 23) or their
bedroom (controls; n = 25) for four days. Body i...