|Extrinsic Inhibition of the Inferior Colliculus during Audiogenic Seizures: Effects of Unilateral Dorsal Nucleus of the Lateral Lemniscus Lesions in Young Rats
||In this study, a model of generalized epilepsy was used to investigate the role of extrinsic inhibition of the inferior colliculus (IC) during audiogenic seizures (AGS). There is evidence to suggest that a deficiency of inhibition within the IC plays...
|The Impact of Prior Experience With Cross-Modal Stimulation on Activation of Bipolar and Multipolar Neurons in the Intermediate Layer of Rat Superior Colliculus
||Multisensory integration (MI) is the process in which information from multiple sensory modalities converges on single neurons. When a rat orients toward a cross-modal, light and sound, stimulus, neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) integrate the ...
|Effects of Periodic and/or a Single Exposure to an Enriched Environment on Neural C-fos Expression in Adolescent Rats
||Environmental enrichment of laboratory animals consists of cognitive, social and physical enhancement of the subjects’ life experiences. Enrichment produces improved performance on memory tasks. In the present study, 16 Long-Evans rats (8 male and 8 ...
|Environmental Enrichment Promotes Adaptation to Environment Rearrangement in Younger but not Older Adolescent Rats
||Experiences, such as environmental enrichment (EE), that allow for exploration often lead to brain changes and alter novelty-seeking behaviors, and adolescence is a developmental period in which these behaviors increase. In this study, the effects of...
|Enviornmental Enrichment Affects the Behavior of Adolescent Rats in a Social Preference Task
||While the behavioral development of male and female rats differs, adolescents of both sexes have an interest in novelty. Environmental enrichment (EE) can add to that interest by providing opportunity for interaction with objects and other rats, and ...
|Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Legal Diganosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder
||Antisocial Personality Disorder, APD, is characterized by manipulation and disregard for the emotions of others, and individuals suffering from this disorder often display behaviors that cause them to end up in the criminal justice system. The disor...
|Reform is necessary: An analysis of the United States Healthcare System after the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act with Comparison to South Africa’s Pluralistic Healthcare System
||The structural and functional complexity of the United States healthcare system affects itscitizens. As such, the healthcare system has caused both economic and social issues to arise,which have demanded the need for healthcare reform. The two major ...
|Environmental Enrichment's Effects On Exploration And Response to Novelty in Adolescent Rats
||Adolescence is a critical period in development for both neural and behavioral change that is characterized by risk-taking, exploration, and novelty-seeking. However, these behavioral and neural changes may be influenced by experiences such as enviro...
|Neural Activity In The Amygdala Of Young Rats Evoked By One Or More Seizures
||Generalized seizures involving clonic convulsions of the entire body are often a feature of epilepsy and result from abnormal neural firing spreading throughout the forebrain. The amygdala is often required to relay abnormal neuronal excitatory activ...